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Predictors of dialectical materialist philosophy (Marx-Coy)
1. Economicalness. and socio-political background. By the 40th century, 19 years manifested main contradiction m / y and labor Captal, the social character of labor and the private mode of appropriation. To resolve this contradiction, it was necessary to penetrate the economic mechanism of society. M. and E. came to the understanding that the driving force of all social conflicts is opposed primarily economic interests. In 1825 he broke the first crisis of overproduction, which was subsequently repeated pattern. Class mechanisms have been opened up to M: their appearance was explained as the capture of one people by another. But thus explain the emergence of the bourgeoisie and proletariat classes was impossible to untangle economic mechanisms of society and social conditions associated with the emergence of new classes.
2. Pure. Opening of the cellular structure of plants and animals (late 30-ies), the law of conservation of energy (the 40s), the teachings of Darwinian evolution (50th years) division of the dialectic of the objective (d Single nature ) and subjective (d-ka thinking).
3. Theoretical (philosophical). Hegel's doctrine and in particular Feuerbach (E.), which acted as a link between ME and Hegel.
Stages of formation exercises M.
1. Summary - to 1848, which ended the Communist Manifesto. Created Marxist philosophy, outlook, were formulated DOS. ideas of dialectical materialism.
2. 1848-1871 - the economic theory of Marxism and the publication of the first volume of "Capital".
3. Before the death of M. and E. Period generalizations focus on socio-political issues.
The basic ideas of Marxism and their meaning.
DOS. theses: 1) are placed in the foundation world is not religious, mystical or idealistic assumptions and conclusions of modern natural science, 2) M. openly admitted his relationship with the interests of a particular class - the proletariat, 3) as a consequence put fundamentally new task - not limited to explanations of the world and choose the methodology for its conversion in the first place - the transformation of society on the basis of conscious roar second activity; 4 ), this research center AF moved from the realm of pure knowledge and abstract human relations, as well as the field of abstract reasoning about the general structure of the world on the practice field, 5), this leads to what mat-gp first apply to the understanding of social life, and 6) finally own knowledge and thinking have been understood differently. Thinking has been regarded not as a product of nature, but as a result of a complex socio-historical work, ie practices. History is considered objectively, outside the individual; 7) Ch. idea - the materialist view of history: not the consciousness of men that determines their being, but on the contrary, but it allows for the influence of social consciousness on social being (as opposed to economic determinism).
M. and E. merit: 1. Philosophy has been raised to a new level. 2. Materialism has become a consistent and complete (covered all spheres of life - nature, society and thought, history). 3. According to rethink the nature of philosophy from the standpoint of dialectical materialism, finished with a look at fil-Ju as a science of sciences, now fil-Ia - is developing a system of knowledge, reflecting the developing world. 4. Fundamentally new understanding of the practice, as the basis and purpose of knowledge, the criterion of truth. In addition, the practice has become socio-historical human activity, but not the activity of an individual.


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