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Psycology » Spurs » Philosophy » The essence of anthropological materialism of Feuerbach. Feuerbach the nature and essence of religion and morality

Work: "Critique of Hegel's Philosophy", "The Essence of Christianity," "Preliminary Theses to reform philosophy", "Basics philosophy of the future."
Merit: restored to their rights under the rule of materialism, idealism and religion.
F. showed that Hegel's philosophical system - is the fruit of the imagination. All the way around, not the nature of the world is a product of the mind, as it exists itself (materialism).
F. believed that the truth of any materialism or idealism, and in the doctrine of man (anthropology). F. was a materialist and idealist bottom top: materialistically understood the nature idealistically understood history.
F. Lack of philosophy is metaphysics. He, along with the philosophy of G. threw his dialectic: development is not completely cast, but interpreted it metaphysically.
F. denied the existence of contradictions in the real world. It has not allowed him to solve many important problems.
The doctrine of man, F. (anthropologism) abstract. This kind of person at all, regardless of space, time, society, ie no development. F. materialism does not reduce all reality to a mechanical movement (as opposed to the mat-ma 18.) And does not regard nature as a mechanism, but rather as a body. In the center of attention F. - people, unity of body and soul. Human nature is interpreted F. biologically and separate individual had not historically religious education (as in Hegel), and link to the development of the human race.
Another drawback - the doctrine of religion. F tried to create their own religion - a religion without God. He tried to deify human relationships, love relationship. Religion is seen as F. unconscious self-consciousness (idealism). The primary task of philosophy consists in criticizing religion. Religion (and idealism) arise from the alienation of human nature, by ascribing to God those attributes that really belong to the person. To be exempt from the religion need to understand that people - not the creation of God, and part of the eternal nature. Of internal communication of people based on the feeling of love, there is an altruistic morality, which should take the place of the illusory connection with God. Love to have only alienated Bon, a false form of true love - love for others.
Doctrine of morals F. was quite "skinny." He declares the human right to happiness, but on the other hand it imposes bourgeois relations. As a result, the doctrine of morality less meaningful than Hegel. Morale F. built on inherent human desire for happiness, but is abstract and ahistorical character.
T. F. way meaning is not so much in some own contribution, as in the bombing of the Hegelian system, which paved the way for new thinkers.
F. philosophical ideas:
1) World mind - the human mind, divorced from human, but it is unreal imagination.
2) "Death is a natural - that death, which is the result of the completed development of life is not a problem. Death, however, which is a consequence of needs, vice, crime, ignorance, rudeness - of course evil. Eliminate the death of this world. Or at least try as much as possible to reduce its scope. So speaks to man. "
F. - metaphysical materialism, atheism, Marxism did not recognize, stressed the connection between idealism and religion, brings to the fore the problem of the essence of man, but to hold a consistent materialist standpoint in this matter can not be due to the fact that people abstract individual biological entity for empiricism and sensationalism, against agnosticism.


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