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Psycology » Spurs » Philosophy » Hegel's philosophical system. Hegel's dialectic and its methodological significance

Work: "Phenomenology of Spirit" in 1807, "The Science of Logic", "Encyclopedia of Philosophy," "the philosophy of law."
Denied: Kant's doctrine of things in themselves, agnosticism of Kant, Kant gap essence and phenomenon.
Objective idealist, not recognized the development of matter. Merit: gave the most complete explanation of dialectics as a doctrine, opposed dialectic metaphysics.
Phil. syst. (Fs) Hegel covered all areas of knowledge at that time. G. came from triadichnosti development: thesis, antithesis, synthesis (negation denies new quality education) to spiral rather than a circle. Each concept (a phenomenon in nature, society) passes triple development cycle until it receives the highest synthesis. From these positions, Mr. rassm. movement categories such as quality (internal certain things), volume (external certain things) and measure (edinstvo! count and quality). G. forms the law of development of quantitative and qualitative changes. Rising number of categories: being, nothing, becoming; quality video, count, measure, nature, phenomenon, the reality, the concept, object, idea.
G. dialectic based on self-development concept, which has a logical spiritual nature. G. identifies "pure concept" with the essence of things, to distinguish it from these concepts subjectively perceived by man. Self-development concepts obeys the laws of dialectics. G. The logic coincides with the dialectics of the development is not the real world, and ideas to the world. In the "logic" of self-propulsion concepts G. shows, regardless of the subject. Each concept has a one-sidedness and limb destroys itself, as opposed to passing. Unilateralism concepts manifested in the sense in which it is found the essence of each one-sidedness is a concrete concept, each concept goes not to other concepts, and in its other, which again reveals its finiteness, etc. until you reach the ultimate synthesis, the absolute truth, which reached the "Logic" is completed. Encased in each concept negativity component of its limitations, one-sided, self-development is the spring of this concept.
G. At the contradiction between his dialectical method and system, which must be completed, ie absolute truth is reached. As a result, the system takes over G. G. dialectic turned to the past, not the present development. State of human development, the modern city, declared the highest point of the historical progress of mankind.
Abstracts: G. completely denied the existence of atoms. Matter - a form of manifestation of the absolute idea. Electricity - own anger body. Nature by G. does not develop in time, it only takes place in space. G. considered private property reasonable. Considered unacceptable for Germany Revolution (people should not interfere in the history of the world realized the mind). Justify war as a continuation of politics. Full idea of ​​freedom - monarchy.
. He considered and accepted as a matter of lean, inert, incapable of self-development and momentum gives not nature itself, and the idea developed in nature. Nature only deploys its diversity in space but not developed in time. There was an ambivalent attitude toward faculty and Hegel. Those who took the basis of the system became known starogegelyantsami, those who took the basis of dialectic became known as the Young Hegelians. Hegel as if everything was turned on its head. Not nature develops and absolute idea in natural surroundings. He writes more rigorous analysis shows that the final is not limited only externally but also removed due to its own nature, and thanks to himself turns into its opposite. For example: say a man is mortal and death is seen as something that has its cause only in external circumstances. According to this way of looking noun. 2 separate from each other Holy Island man: to be alive and to be mortal. But the common understanding is that life as such is in itself the germ of death and all that in itself is contradictory and therefore declines. Living dies and dies because it is, as such, is the germ of death. From the point of view lies in the foundation of metaphysics is, as Hegel treats inside.


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