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Psycology » Spurs » Philosophy » The main problems of philosophy of Fichte. Fichte the nature and purpose of human

Work: "Speeches to the German Nation", "Wissenschaftslehre."
Fichte's philosophy of Kant tried to eliminate the idea of ​​objects themselves dialectically withdraw all content knowledge (theory and practice) of our activities Ya
Phil pointed to contradictory notion of "things in themselves" - unknowable, not affecting the world and at the same time embodying the cause of phenomena. Eliminating this contradiction F. sought to convert critical method K. subjective idealism. F. for true reality - the unity of subject and object, the leading role played by the subject.
The main question Kant's "Critique of Pure Reason", "How are synthetic a priori judgments?", Ie scientific knowledge as possible - remains central and FF calls his philosophy "doctrine of science."
Philosophy as F. K. - is ethically oriented idealism. However, unlike F. K. did not spend the separation between the natural world, where there is need, pattern, studied science and the world of freedom, which is based on expediency. In absolute F. I theoretical and practical nature and beginning match is only a means for the implementation of human freedom, losing the independence that she has had in philosophy K. Activity, activity becomes absolute subject in AF only source of all things. Condition of co-existence of beings - a voluntary restriction of the freedom of each person. State is the guarantor of the right.
Activity I need some obstacle, overcoming which it deploys all its definitions, and finally, fully aware of itself, thereby achieving identity with itself. This identity, however, can not be achieved for the final time: it is an ideal toward which the human race, it is never completely without reaching. This movement is the meaning of the historical process.
Fichte argued that human consciousness is active not only when it thinks, but in the process of perception when it is exposed to something external to him. To explain the process of perception should not refer to the action of "things in themselves", but it is necessary to identify those acts amateur I lying abroad consciousness, which constitute the basis of the invisible "passive" perception of the world.
I have AF consists of "individual self" of every person and "absolute I", being some absolute reality never totally inaccessible to our consciousness. Individual and absolute that coincide with F. and identified, then break up and different. This surge-splittings matches - FA core of dialectics, the driving principle of his system.


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