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Psycology » Spurs » Philosophy » Worldview, its nature, structure, role in human life. Historical types of worldview

Literally worldview - that knowledge about the world. But this is a superficial view, because inevitably simplifying the structure of outlook.
Outlook - a system of extremely generalized perceptions and knowledge about the world in general, about the place and role of man in the world, of man's relation to the world, to other people, to himself to himself as a combination of steel. principles of being and knowledge, values ​​and ideals, norms, communication and behavior.
Basic blocks (factors outlook): 1) intelligent 2) sensory-emotional, and 3) evaluative; 4) Behavioral - produced on the basis of the previous three.
Usually one or another phenomenon has a diverse structure. M. structure can be considered as communication attitude, worldview, outlook. Because M. - a complex and multifaceted phenomenon, the factors influencing its development and are often contradictory. The formation of a variety of factors can influence: human health (healthy people more optimistic pessimism causes disease), age (the young man in a healthier, more energetic, with age - pererassmotrenie values), will, etc.
Types of diverse world: 1) individual M. 2) group M (a particular social group) 3) M. of a people, and 4) M. humanity at some point or another .
Distinguish between ordinary, empirical, everyday M. It is not enough thought out, weighed, systemically. This differs from the theoretical M. It is usually associated with the philosophical, but it's not quite right. Its theoretical level there religiously historic type M. (theology).
The first historical type of outlook has become mythology. Animatism mythology preceded by a period, which still is not a religion, but is a general quickening of the world, where everything is perceived from a purely human point of view, there is no division on the living and the dead (everything changes, everything is alive), there are supernatural.
In mythology, reflects not only the knowledge of people as they are submitted, generated imagination rather than knowledge. M. The central problem - the problem of human nature and its destiny. Also takes into account a person's attitude toward the world, other people, to himself. Man is not only thinking, but a sentient being, emotional.
Mythology Features: 1) avatar (or anthropomorphism), 2) syncretism - it is systemic, but not yet sufficient differentiation. Here all together: religious, aesthetic, behavioral, etc., and 3) a special role in shaping the play of imagination mythological M. From an exceptional variety of mythology that does not exclude some general points (in the entire mythology gods created humans in his own image and likeness) 4) certain incoherence and injustice big picture 5) explanation. People need to understand and explain a particular event and phenomenon, even illogical.
Religious historical type M. characteristic split the world into the natural and the supernatural, and the subordination of the natural world supernatural. Criterion of religious phenomena: the presence of faith in the supernatural and worship him. Faith alone is not enough, you must worship. Religion is often limited to the form of social consciousness, but it is not exactly. One must distinguish between: 1) religious views, mythology, ideology, 2) religious feelings, emotions, moods, and 3) Kulti, ie the worship of supernatural symptoms, and 4) the presence of the church organzatsii 5) about church organization - a system of religion, education, religious media, 6) defined scope of social relations in which people satisfy their religious needs.
Reasons for the emergence and existence of religion: 1) social, 2) the epistemological (show pleasing), 3) historical (force traditions), 4) psychological (feelings and emotions that create fertile ground).
Functions of religion: 1) worldview, ie religion as a type of worldview is offered to people, 2) compensatory f-I, ie compensation for a man of his powerlessness before the forces of nature and society: hope for help from above, and 3) I f-communicative, ie communication, where people get satisfaction, and 4) regulatory f-I, ie social norms, and 5) cultural and translates. I f-ie Passed on from generation to generation, culture, and 6) integrating disintegrating-f-i, ie association of people of the same faith and separation of people of different faiths, and 7), each based on a particular religion creed is its source and destination. One of the hierarchs of the Orthodox Church said: "If the content of dogmas becomes too obvious, there is reason to believe that he is not taken in all its divine depth."
Special historical type M. yavl. Philosophy - theoretically formulated type of world from the standpoint of reason. Also, is the science of the most general laws of life and methodology of knowledge of matter and man.
Outlook - a complex spiritual phenomenon - its formation also a complex process that might be associated with emotional and spiritual level person of his age, health, etc. Worldview shaped not only knowledge, but also of human psychological orientation. Any person goes through the stage of formation of outlook.


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