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Psycology » Spurs » Clinical psychology » Violations of the operational component of thinking

Thinking is based on the well-known system of concepts that provide an opportunity to reflect the action in generalized and abstract forms. In some forms of mental disease activity in patients lost this ability. There are two variants of violations of the operational side of thinking, which are often observed in patients with epilepsy, mental retardation and encephalitis, cerebral vascular diseases and injuries: 1. reduction and generalization) as a violation of the analytic-synthetic function (in judgments dominate direct representations of objects and phenomena; handling general signs replaced establishing purely concrete connections between objects; when the pronounced reduction patients are generally unavailable to the classification problem) b) in the form violations update Associations (parts are not linked, not synthesized, the overall situation is not comprehended; emerging association based only on individual, isolated elements). 2. distortion of the process of generalization (in judgments reflect only the occasional side effects, significant relationships between objects as little taken into account, the objective content of things, live in a world of his delusional experiences, little interested in the real situation, suitable for small, everyday phenomena with the "theoretical" position (pedantry).
Thus, in this subgroup of patients thinking dominated verbal-logical relationships that are not directly controlled by the data, and insufficiently specific relationships based on sensory representations. Single process of reflection is distorted as if both sides. If the content of patients' associations at lower levels of generalization does not go beyond the private, single bonds, if they received immediate impressions are not synthesized and verbal-logical relations are not the dominant values, the patients with the distortion of the process of consolidating the opposite occurs.

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