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Schizophrenia: Introduction

Schizophrenia (from the Greek. Schizo - splitting, phren - mind, soul) progressive (a progressive) endogenous mental illness, which is characterized by the loss of the unity of mental function, impaired thinking, poor emotional sphere ("the immobility of emotions" by E. Bleuler) and increasing weakening of mental activity ("weakening energy psychic life", according to SS Korsakov, "falling energy potential," according to Carl Conrad). In addition to these major symptoms, the absence of which diagnosis is questionable, manifest and "additional": obsessive compulsive disorder, senestopatii, hysterical, hypochondriacal symptoms, delusions, gallyutsinator

Schizophrenia: etiology and pathogenesis

During the study of schizophrenia were different assumptions about the nature of the disease and its causes. E. Bleuler, who put forward the concept of schizophrenia as a group of diseases that are comparable with the group of organic psychoses, believed that the main etiological factor is auto-intoxication, leading to disruption of the brain. Since the time of Kraepelin and SS Korsakov was known that hereditary factors, special predisposition to the disease are fairly obvious fact. Used the expression "a schizophrenic mother", "father of the schizophrenic" to emphasize frequently observed features of sick relatives

Schizophrenia: the treatment of disease

Currently, the diagnosis of schizophrenia, lechnie produced mainly using pharmacotherapy, but use other methods (insulinkomatoznaya therapy, electroconvulsive therapy, etc.). In the treatment of schizophrenia in the acute period of the disease requires active therapy in the future to maintain the improvement in maintenance therapy. The purpose of preventive therapy - preventing relapses and longer remission. Choice of psychotropic drugs is determined by features of positive symptoms and the type of the disease. Malignant schizophrenia with continuous ones

Schizophrenia: course and form of the disease

Currently, the main criterion is the type of schizophrenia systematics of the disease. Provided with a continuous course of schizophrenia in which symptoms is "flickering" character (E. Bleuler, 1911), periodic (circular) schizophrenia and episodic-like progressive schizophrenia ("shift-like" from it. Schub - step down). Such a taxonomy that reflects the diversity of the clinical manifestations of the disease, reveals the essence of the so-called schizophrenia spectrum. I. Schizophrenia with continuous flow (continuous schizophrenia) is divided into a progressive-malignant (cancerous youth), a progressive (p

Schizophrenia: differential diagnosis

Schizophreniform paintings differ from schizophrenia lack of progression of the special characteristic of the endogenous process tag as a true schizophrenia is always accompanied by a combination of the main symptoms that include thought disorder with symptoms of loss of focus, clarity, internal logical connection associations moreover, in schizophrenia necessarily driven phenomenon emotional leveling , monotony of passion and, of course, the reduction of mental activity. These same basic disorder (their presence) is distinguished from schizophrenia maloprogredientnuyu and psihopatopodobnyh disorders other origins (organic

Schizophrenia: Symptoms and signs

The most specific feature of schizophrenia is a disorder of thinking in a whole intact function of intelligence. This pathology develops from the very onset of the disease, prevalent characteristic of all diseases in general phenomenon of "splitting", "dissociation", violations unity of the thinking process, which may be partially reversible, which is associated with the presence of both exacerbations and periods of remission or stabilization. Disintegration of thinking manifests itself in the fact that broken connections between the components of thinking - ideas, concepts, these disparate components pathologically combine to give clinical symptoms defining a
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