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Psycology » Personality disorder

Common questions of therapy

Targets planned treatment must be reasonable, and should provide a significant amount of time to achieve them. In the treatment of personality disorders medications play a minor role. For short periods of time when a patient has excessive anxiety filter can receive anxiolytics or neuroleptics, but do not prescribe these drugs for long-term use because of their beneficial effects will decrease and anxiolytics can also be addictive. As suggested by the clinical experience in the treatment of lithium carbonate softened mood swings in some patients with cyclothymic disorder

Investigation of the influence of childhood on personality development

Even infants can see marked differences in such characteristics as the structure of sleep-wake approach to new situations and to depart from them, the intensity of emotional reactions and duration of concentration. Although these differences have been proven to have persisted throughout childhood, it is unlikely that they were closely associated with the characteristics of adult personality (see: Berger 1985). Considerable attention is given to the effect that has on the development of personality violation relationships between parents and children, especially from his mother. However, although the latter circumstance was suggested as the cause of development

The impact of education

We must consider two deviations from the normal pattern of education: separation from parents and abnormal behavior of parents. In 1944 Bowlby on the basis of uncontrolled retrospective study, the object of which 44 were young offender, suggested that separation from the mother at an early age leads eventually to the formation of personality, characterized by antisocial behavior and inability to form close relationships. Later, these ideas were further developed in the book, which had a significant impact Forty-four young thief (Bowlby 1946). This work has stimulated many studies on direct and d

Psychological treatment of antisocial personality disorder

Individual psychotherapy Most psychiatrists agree that rare individual psychotherapy helps patients with antisocial personality disorder and that interviews are often complicated by their behavior. The exception is Schmideberg (1947), which reports on the positive results obtained through the use of a special form of psychotherapy in which the patient repeatedly put directly in the face of facts, clearly demonstrating their own deviant behavior. If this treatment generally allows to achieve the effect, then it is possible that only physicians having particularly strong willed and whether

Cerebral pathology and the development of the central nervous system

People with antisocial personality type is so different from normal and are so similar in their behavior in some patients who have had a brain injury, it has been suggested that an organic causes. Convincing direct evidence to link the development of antisocial personality in adult life with brain injury in children is not available. But there is a hypothesis that antisocial behavior in childhood may be caused by minor degrees of brain damage (minimal brain dysfunction), and obtained data linking antisocial behavior in childhood with antisocial personality type in adult life. Taken

Causes of antisocial personality

Genetic causes not yet have been no satisfactory twin study specifically focused on the heritability of antisocial personality. Some indirect evidence has been presented Lange (1931) as a result of the study 13 monozygotic pairs, in each of which one person has committed a criminal offense. Ten of the thirteen their twins also committed crimes. Moreover, in one of the three discordant proband has committed an offense after a head injury. On the other hand, among the 17 pairs of same-sex dizygotic twins, in which the proband was a criminal, only two pairs of the second twin

Psychotherapy in personality disorders

The method of application of dynamic psychotherapy for personality disorders are not much different from that used in the neuroses. Such treatment may be conducted individually or in groups (see Sec. 18). For individual treatment of personality disorders, there are some differences in emphasis compared to treatment of neuroses. Less attention has been paid to the restoration of past events and more analysis of the behavior at the moment. In the so-called analysis of character study in detail how the patient relates to other people, how he copes with external constraints and controls as their own feelings. This approach is more prescriptive than the classical

Common causes of personality disorders

Although the genetic cause there is some evidence that the normal person is partially inherited, data on the role of the genetic contribution to the development of personality disorders is still not enough. In this paper, Shields (1962) presents the results of research on the basis of normal variation study of 44 pairs of monozygotic twins, and some of them were separated from birth. The values ​​obtained when testing individual separately reared twins separated pairs of matched to the same extent as that of the pairs of twins who grew up together, and it suggests a significant genetic influence. Some authors (eg, Mayer-Gross et al. 1969) put forward thrust


Because of the factors that contribute to the formation of normal personality types, little is known, it is not surprising that the knowledge about the causes of personality disorders are incomplete. Investigations are hampered significant time interval separating the corresponding (potentially pathogenic) events in early life and the moment when the adult disorder is detected. One would expect that the more pronounced disorder, the clearer will be the cause. With this assumption agrees that an antisocial personality disorder accumulated more information than other disorders. Nevertheless bu

Classification sjobring

Sjobring developed a scheme widely used in Scandinavian countries, but nowhere else. The reader might find this circuit in some significant Scandinavian monographs, published in English. Personality characteristics for use in the labeling of three categories with the addition of the fourth to the intellect (which refers to the ability). The first three digits of stability is somewhat reminiscent of introversion-extraversion. Ultrastable people cold, focused on itself (introvert) and interested in ideas, whereas malostabilny impetuous man, sociable and active. Class Thoroughness. Sverhosnovatelny
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