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Psycology » Pathology perception

Illusions

Illusions Eskirol J. (1838) identified, unlike hallucinations as garbled, incorrect, false perception of reality. Causes distortion of perception is not always rooted in painful properties of the perceiver, they also can be in the special properties of the environment, and physiological characteristics of the human body, being in certain cases required for each. Like hallucinations, illusions differ senses, in which they are identified. Under the terms of their share on the physical, physiological and mental (Sally J., 1881). Present as an artistic illustration of different illus

Hallucinosis

The term "hallucinosis" coined K. Wernicke (1900) to refer to states with heavy, massive hearing hallucinations that occur in patients with alcoholism and are not accompanied by dizziness. At the same time, many patients develop a secondary phenomenon, hallucinatory delirium, hallucinations arising from the content ("hallucinatory insanity drunks" by Kraepelin). But many cases of chronic auditory hallucinosis occurring not accompanied by the development of hallucinatory delirium. Hallucinosis can be acute or chronic, with sharp develop suddenly and quickly, can be accompanied by a pronounced affect (fear

Hallucinations

Scientific understanding and definition of hallucinations happened in the historical development of the study of this problem in psychiatry. Original, everyday meaning of the word «allucinacio» in Latin corresponds to concepts such as "mindless chatter", "pipe dream", "empty nonsense." During the Renaissance in France Fernely J. applied the term "hallucination" in "Pathology" of his treatise "The Universal Medicine" (1554), which described an eye disease. He explained: the Greeks called hallucination term «parorhasis», which means impaired vision. By J. Fernely, hallucinations observed in painful corneal staining in lymph

Pathology perception

Perception is a complex system of processes of reception and transformation of information that allows the body to realize the function of reflection of objective reality and orientation in the world. Together with a sense of perception synthesizes starting way learning process, supplying the appropriate body sensual material. Perception in the process somehow mediated activity of thinking and tested by practice. Of the many stimuli acting on the body, is perceived only part. This depends on the physiological features of the structure of the brain and from prior experience. Person does not perceive
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