General Psychology Psychiatry Psychologists Thinkers Crib

Psycology » Neurosis: Part I


It can be assumed that the above factors of childhood can influence the predisposition to neurosis in adult life by influencing the development of personality. Generally value in each individual case, as it is inversely proportional to the degree of severity of stress events at the beginning of neurosis. Thus, in normal personality neurosis may develop under the influence of extremely stressful events, which is typical, for example, for military neuroses (Sargant, Slater 1940), but in cases where comparable in intensity display symptoms occur in response to everyday problems, there is usually a certain predisposition of the individual. Soot

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

This term refers to an intensive and usually prolonged reaction to strong stressors such as natural disasters (such as earthquakes, floods, fires), disaster caused by people (the effects of war or persecution), or violent acts committed against this man and related to serious danger or insult the person (robbery or rape). In accordance with the traditional approach of post-traumatic stress disorder, as opposed to acute stress reactions or adaptation, can be diagnosed and those who have reported the presence of a history of mental

Adaptive response

This term is used to describe a light or transient disorders that persist longer acute reactions to stress and resulting in people who have no history of mental illness. Symptoms of adaptive reactions include various combinations of anxiety, anxiety, depression, impaired ability to concentrate, irritability and aggressive behavior. These disorders are generally reversible, and lasted only a few months. And over time, and the content they are closely associated with a stress factor, which can be, for example, bereavement, separation or migration. Such diagnosis is applicable also to emotsional

Response to stress

Acute stress reaction under acute stress reactions understand transient disorders of any severity or of any nature arising from the absence of any mental illness in response to extremely stressful events, such as natural disasters, acts of war or emergency crisis in the relationship. This term is used to refer to disorders that are tested within a few hours or days. Longer reaction is relatively mild described as adaptation, with severe talk about post-traumatic stress disorder (remote consequences

Small emotional disorders

It is a broad term used to describe disorders that are frequently encountered in general practice, while psychiatrists rarely have to deal with them (see: Goldberg, Huxley 1980). If differentiated neurotic syndromes are often described in the psychiatric literature, is about emotional states such small bit of information. One of the best descriptions was Goldberg et al. (1976) based on the study of 88 patients observed by general practitioners in Philadelphia. As shown in Table. 6.3, these authors found that the most frequent were complaints of anxiety and worry, but almost as common depression and despondency. Most of these complaints brought against

Epidemiology of neuroses

Neurotic disorders can occur at three levels: as individual symptoms as small as neurotic disorders and specific neurotic syndromes. Certain symptoms may occur from time to time and in some people with normal mentality. For a small neurotic disorder (otherwise emotionally upset small) number of neurotic symptoms occur simultaneously without predominance of any one; such disorder is often seen in general practice. When specific neurotic syndromes dominated by a single type of symptoms, such disorders are more common in psychiatric practice. To determine the hour

Neurasthenia and psihasteniya

Although in most countries the term neurasthenia is out of use, it has an important role in the history of psychiatry, and therefore it would be appropriate to give here a brief summary of it. First, the term applied in 1869 in America Byrd (Beard) to describe a syndrome characterized by mental and physical fatigue, poor appetite, irritability, insomnia, decreased ability to concentrate, headache in the absence of a specific disease. Beard admitted that these symptoms may be caused by chronic illness, debilitating fever, as well as after birth. The term began to be used with a wide

Classification of small depression

Some of the less severe forms of depressive disorders have symptoms that meet the criteria of neurosis. They have an organic substrate occur, apparently as a result of impact stress on a person predisposed not include such elements (often called psychotic), such as hallucinations and delusions. Moreover, in many of them has pronounced symptoms of anxiety, and in some still other neurotic symptoms. So sometimes small depressive disorders are classified as depressive neurosis and neurotic depression. Arguments for and against the use of these terms are discussed later (see p. 168) in


Table. 6.1 shows how classified neuroses and related disorders in the DSM-IIIR and ICD-10. In general, these circuits are similar, but some differences should be noted. The first difference (Table. 6.1 is not reflected) is that the DSM-IIIR no single rubric for these disorders (the term neurosis, as already mentioned, is not applicable here), but instead used three separate headings: anxiety disorder, dissociative disorder and somatoform disorder. The ICD-10 states listed in Table. 6.1, united under the rubric of neurotic, stress-related and somatoform disorders. The second difference between the DSM-IIIR and ICD-10 related


Readers first embarking on the study of neuroses, can lead to some substitution vention terms such as neurosis, functional nervous disease, neurotic character, psychoneurosis and pathological emotional reaction. The term neurosis In 1772 was used Edinburg doctor Cullen (Cullen) to denote states arising from generalized damage to the nervous system, which, as it seemed at the time, was not caused by either a localized disease or febrile illness. In other words, under the neuroses meant nervous system disorders, somatic reasons which could not be
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