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Psycology » Methods of study of mentally ill

Special laboratory techniques

Laboratory methods used in psychiatry for the diagnosis or exclusion of various somatic disorders and complications of therapy (agranulocytosis, inflammation, liver and kidney). In some types of pathology special methods may have a decisive help in the diagnosis. For example, for the detection of syphilis in all patients in the hospital conducted a study of blood, the proposed Wasserman, which was called Wasserman (ps) or complement fixation. Since such research is not always made in the conditions of outpatient care, often diag

Somatic, neurological examination and laboratory

Study of somatic condition in psychiatry is mandatory method, since the psyche and somatic are in close unity and often have a correlation. In addition, many mentally ill because of the nature of the condition do not give yourself and your physical status due attention, do not comply with the rules of hygiene, they are more likely than the general population, detect tuberculosis, and other infectious diseases. Important to consider that somatic symptoms may be a manifestation of a particular mental disorder. For example, depression is accompanied by hypertension, tachycardia, constipation, weight loss. It is important to bear in mind,

Neuroimaging examination and pharmacological methods

Craniography - X-ray of the skull bones. This method allows for circumstantial evidence to judge the organic brain damage. In particular, the strengthening of finger impressions is a sign of prolonged increase in intracranial pressure (hydrocephalus). Land excessive calcification occur after craniocerebral injury. Pneumoencephalography (PEG) - X-ray of the brain, which is held after the discharge of the cerebrospinal fluid and administration instead of air or oxygen, which fill the ventricles and subarachnoid space. This method allows detection of adhesions in the brain of

Neuropsychological testing

Methods neurophysiological examinations are electroencephalography (EEG), rheoencephalography (REG), magnetoencephalography (MEG), evoked potentials (EP). Electroencephalography. This method of study of the functioning of the brain using a recording biocurrents representing the algebraic sum of extracellular electric fields, excitatory and inhibitory postsynaptic potentials of cortical neurons that reflects the processes occurring in them metabolism. These biotoki extremely weak (current 10-15 microvolts), so their registration using amplifiers. EEG reflects the joint activity of a large number of neurons, and its

The method of psychological examination

The purpose of the survey is to assess the psychological structure of the personality as a whole and especially its cognitive (cognitive) functions. Research methodology varied personality. For the direct study using traditional methods for evaluating memory interrupted action that identifies features of the motivation of patients, the level of research method claims, self-assessment methodology Dembo-Rubinstein (aimed at identifying opportunities reflective of the patient and its criticality in the current situation). Indirect methods of studying personality include projective tests, various questionnaires and scales - such as Minnesota multiphasic

Questioning. history

In psychiatry, compared with other clinical disciplines, the system study of patients has its own specifics. If clarification of complaints, collecting history (history of life and disease) are a common method for all medical specialties, then the process of the conversation with the patient, observing his behavior, demeanor, express their thoughts has a special, essential for decoding mental status, mental the patient's condition. In order to establish an accurate diagnosis is also necessary to carefully examine the somatic, neurological status of the patient, have laboratory data (clinical and biochemical)
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