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Psycology » Mechanisms of formation of psychological problems and psychosomatic disorders

Symptoms of psychosomatic disorders

The material you are working with bodily psychocorrection closely related and psychosomatic diseases. Psychosomatic disorders are neither more nor less than intense physical manifestations of psychological problems (usually long-existing). Accordingly, the specificity of these disorders is only partly determined by the specific diagnosis (nosology). No less, it depends on the nature of most psychological problems, and the personality characteristics of this medium of the problem. Therefore, the physical manifestation of psychosomatic disorders, as a rule, are not confined to close a separate diag

Cognitive mechanisms of psychological problems

In a general sense, these mechanisms are associated with the contradiction, the mutual confrontation of the two forms of the organization of cognitive processes: the logical and prelogical (primary process by Freud, organismic evaluation process by Rogers). Idea of ​​the existence of two fundamentally different kinds of cognitive processes that differ in their role in the psychological adaptation of the individual, repeated with some variations in many models of personality as an abstract theoretical and applied strictly (psycho). The following table summarizes the consolidated situation of a number of similar models - general psychological (reflecting the evolutionary

Somatic (clinical) approach to psychological problems

As is known, the actual list of psychosomatic diseases (traditional "Chicago Seven") include hypertension, coronary heart disease, asthma, peptic ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer, ulcerative colitis, hyperthyroidism, diabetes mellitus. In this same context, for the purposes of body-oriented psychological correction, psychosomatic disorders are considered broadly. First, we do not adhere to the narrow clinical and extended, clinical and psychological understanding of psychosomatic medicine. The latter includes not only symptomatic psychosomatic disorders, but also non-pathological

Bodily and psychological problems as a violation of psychological adaptation

The most common approach to the description of bodily and psychological problems, officials fulcrum bodily psychocorrection serves idea of ​​psychological maladjustment as the mechanism of their formation. On the significance of the problem of adaptation in the psychotherapeutic context, perhaps the first to note the founder of Gestalt therapy F. Perls. To describe the basic mechanisms psychocorrection he used model "organism-environment" in which the adaptation is seen as resulting interaction of two distinct processes: the impact of the environment and the associated responses of the body. Apparently, for a
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