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Psycology » Psychiatry and psychotherapy » Treatment psihopatalogicheskih syndromes » Psychostimulants, mood stabilizers, nootropics

  1. Treatment psihopatalogicheskih syndromes
  2. Antipsychotics
  3. Antidepressants
  4. Tranquilizers
  5. Psychostimulants, mood stabilizers, nootropics
  6. Shock therapy

Psychostimulants

Psychostimulants - means causing activation, increase efficiency, improve memorization and intellectual productivity. Many stimulants are included in the list of drugs (amphetamine, cocaine, methamphetamine) because severe addictiveness and dependence.

Sindnokarb (mesocarb) assigned when apathetic depression, fatigue at a dose of 20-30 mg / day short courses for 10-14 days.

Sidnofen has the same properties as sidnokarb, used to stimulate intellectual activity in childhood is indicated for the treatment of attention deficit disorder of short duration courses, while there is no increase in activity, and an improved ability to control their behavior.

Normotimiki

Normotimiki - drugs that cropped manic state and have preventive action, preventing recurrence of affective phases.

Lithium carbonate relieves manic states of different nature in the treatment of affective psychosis and cyclothymia, prevents the development of the next phase. Dose selected individually under the control of lithium in the blood, the level of which must be maintained in the range of 0.6-1.6 mEq / l. During the development of the depressive phase of the appointment of lithium is not recommended because of the possibility of its protracted nature. Among the side effects of lithium include diarrhea. Muscle tremors and thirst are signs of an overdose. Complications can include kidney damage and thyroid. The average dose of 900-1200 mg / day.

Lithium hydroxybutyrate differ from lithium carbonate, less toxicity and greater activity. Soluble in water, an intramuscular injection can be used to treat mania.

Finlepsinum appointed for the same indications as the lithium salt (200-600 mg / day).

Nootropics

These include drugs, positively influencing the processes of thinking and memory, brain activity after stabilizing organic CNS.

Piracetam (Nootropilum) - a derivative of GABA. Appointed in asthenic, asthenic-depressive and astenoapaticheskih of different genesis. Used as an aid in the treatment of neuroleptic drugs to eliminate dullness and drowsiness, as well as vascular disorders.

Side Effects

Side effects stimulants manifested in the form of insomnia, irritability, headaches, symptoms of psychomotor agitation, euphoria. In addition, there are sweating, dry mouth, tremor, tachycardia, increase

of BP. Long-term use of stimulants can lead to mental and physical dependence.


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