General Psychology Psychiatry Psychologists Thinkers Crib

Psycology » Psychiatry and psychotherapy » Psychophysiologically-oriented model of psychosomatic disorders » Psihoekologicheskaya model

According to this view of the nature of psychological and psychosomatic problems, they stem from conflicts between biological and social evolution of man (Sandomirskiy ME, 2000). More precisely, the contradictions between the way of life of modern man and the natural structure of its nervous system (physiological and ecological contradiction), as well as between social stereotypes of emotional expression and natural, physiological mechanisms of emotional response (socio-ecological contradiction). The latter was described at the dawn of psychoanalysis and is associated with many taboo (Freud), imposes severe restrictions on human behavior in society and prohibitions on the many ways of acting out emotions. As for the physiological and ecological contradictions, it is exacerbated in recent decades, due to the rapid acceleration of scientific and technological progress and the associated lifestyle changes, impose excessive demands on the human nervous system (hyperstimulation). This factor combines:

information overload (information stress). The latter includes a negative impact on the human psyche media pumped psychological tension exaggerated news of negative events (disasters, crises) and adverse socio-economic, futuristic forecasts.

Social and environmental fatigue due to urbanization:

an elongated light regime,

overly intense rhythm of life

moving at high speed and over long distances, especially flights with jet lag (desynchronosis)

noise and electromagnetic pollution of the environment.

Lack of exercise, which entails a reduction in the overall tone and performance (lack of non-specific stimulation of the cerebral cortex via the ascending activating system). This also adds muscle tone disorders (muscle clips) that adequate muscle activity usually helps to remove, along with her brought by emotional discharge. The absence of a proper load on the musculoskeletal system associated with walking (on foot massaging action and vibration impact on joints and spine), in addition to reducing the reflex activation of the cerebral cortex, and also leads to the failure of natural reflex stimulation of internal organs (A. A.Kel ).

Nonpysiological diet, especially those fruits of civilization, as excess dietary digestible carbohydrates (also contributing to the development deficit of satisfaction by K. Blum) and decrease the information value of food (I. I.Brehman).

Latent chemical toxicity associated with both makroekologicheskimi factors (chemical pollution in the usual sense), and with Microecological (effects on the nervous system and metabolism in general synthetic food ingredients, synthetic chemicals in everyday life, as well as violation of the inner ecology of the human body - an imbalance flora, etc.).

But in order to at least partially remove these ecological and psychological contradictions psychological means, it is possible with the help of modern psycho help a person for a short while to return to its true nature, back on the evolutionary ladder in primitive natural state. In accordance with known biogenetic law, individual development of an organism at the embryonic stage repeats minimized evolutionary history of the species. By extending this law to the sphere of psychology, it is possible to show that the supposed return to the deep evolutionary past reminds age regression, a return to the period of development in utero or neonatal period (at least, to the early, pre-verbal stage of mental development of the individual). Means not conditional, and physiological age regression was shown that when you stay in altered states of consciousness, characterized by smoothing or inversion of functional asymmetry of the hemispheres, the nervous system of an adult begins to repeat a number of features of the nervous system of the young child (M. E Sandomirskiy ., Belogorodskaya LS, 1998). The empirical material of this kind has accumulated particularly in transpersonal psychotherapy (S. Grof, V. Kozlov, etc.) In the bodily psychocorrection similar problem is solved by Retro (Sandomirskiy ME, 2000, 2001).


© 2008-2019 Psychology online.: en, es, de, fr, cz