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Psychoorganic syndrome

Prolonged existence of different memory disorders leads to the development of psycho-organic syndrome and dementia. Psychoorganic syndrome is also called encephalopathy, organic psihosindromom. These definitions emphasize that it is based on biological, morphological, although sometimes expressed mild process. Origin psychoorganic syndrome may be different causal factor may serve as infection, brain tumors, skull trauma, vascular disease, hypoxic-hypoxemic changes during asphyxia, cardiovascular disease, pulmonary heart disease, kidney or liver disease, with a number of endocrinopathies, with alcohol intoxication, substance, with atrophic brain processes.

Clinical understanding of "organic" in physical medicine, neurology and psychiatry differ. Psychiatrist "organic" - a kind of mental activity structure, and neurological signs may be local, but not mandatory. They are usually accompanied by rude, far advanced organic mental manifestations. Initial same thin Psychoorganic disorders often experienced by patients subjectively only become apparent under conditions of high load, emotional stress and doctor finds at impact questioning. The predominance of mental or neurological manifestations organic brain suffering from a particular patient depends on the biological nature, massiveness and duration of pathological effects.

Basispsychoorganic syndrome triad is X. Walter Byuelya (1951): 1) decrease of intelligence, 2) memory loss, and 3) emotional lability. And this set - not frozen education, and a process that has laws of motion. In the initial stages of deployment syndrome manifests as emotional lability is not peculiar to the patient earlier "sentimentality", tearfulness ("tears of emotion") arising from the waves, moving impressions: warm memories of the distant past, talking about children - in short, about people, events and things that the patient is particularly expensive. "When I watch TV, I can slobber right to tears. Even embarrassing to their families, "- may speak ill. Increase in emotional lability leads to emotional incontinence, forced laughter and crying, as mentioned in the section on emotions.

Amnestic disorders diverse manifestations: lacunar, elective, selective, retrograde, anterograde, fixation, progressive (up to total) amnesia. By definition, psychologists and philosophers, intelligence - the human capacity for rational, the rational (as opposed to, for example, from intuitive) knowledge. First of all is the ability to comprehend, "grasp" of the situation, the ability to allocate important. This ability to assimilate, ie, not simply to accumulate, and to the active mastery of knowledge (in the broadest sense), mental activity.

The main signs of reduced level of intellectual activity are reducing judgment (the ability to understand the information obtained, to form a plan of action) and deductions (establishing relationships and relationships between phenomena, objects), as well as violation of critical faculties (by GV Morozov, 1998).

Prerequisites for intellectual activities are memory, attention, speech. But isolated high development some of these functions does not guarantee a high level of productivity of intellectual activity.

Known "chattiness" of some patients with the presence of hydrocephalus. On first acquaintance it can impress vitality and wealth of the mind, but in close communication with the patient is detected superficiality, about judgment, constant use of "clichés". Similar features of intellectual activity described psychiatrists past called "salon dementia."

Volume, the stock of knowledge is also not fully characterize intelligence, although normally formed intelligence implies a certain level of general awareness. Should stress that intelligence - the ability to accurately and thoroughly understand any situation, problem (not necessarily scientific), highlight it and cleverly importantly, it is wise to allow, ie, to create a certain "mental."

Intelligence is sometimes identified with thinking. Thinking - this is intelligence in action, a form of expression, the implementation of intelligence (to paraphrase the previous statement, we can say that intelligence - is thinking in potency). It is clear that low intelligence, but formally correct thinking processes occurring (on rate, consistency, efficiency, focus, etc.) intellectual products would be scarce. The clinic found thought disorder without simultaneous intellectual disability: for example, the previously mentioned acceleration of thinking in mania. Depressed patient, a man with brake traits can produce at first impression "not very smart" due to its lethargy, stiffness and uncertainty. By minovanii depression, anxiety and when returning to the usual hypochondriac personality for her situation, in the absence of haste and stress such people fully disclose their intellectual capabilities, which tend to be much higher than was thought at the first meeting.

Elementary methods intelligence research tasks are:

by definition (for example, what is courage, false);

to generalize (eg, how to combine the concept of a bird - a goose, duck, eagle, etc., correspond to the general notion of what a table, chair, closet, etc.);

on the distinction (for example, what is the difference between water and ice, and a dwarf child);

on combinatorial ability (elementary arithmetic problems: addition, multiplication, counting backwards, etc.);

to establish causal relationships (why night follows day, a girl who will become when he grows up, etc.);

understanding figurative meaning of proverbs, metaphors (eg, what situation applies to the expression: "Prepare sleighs in summer and winter wagon", what's the point in investing adage: "Do not spit in the well, it is useful to drink water", of whom they say, "the head of gold, "etc.);

on the understanding of the complex semantic-grammatical constructions (whom you have the father's brother? father's brother? whether one and the same person is?)

to explain the meaning of any reproductions, paintings, special series of drawings (shown, for example, pictures X.

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