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Psycology » Psychiatry and psychotherapy » Neurosis: Part I » Identity

It can be assumed that the above factors of childhood can influence the predisposition to neurosis in adult life by influencing the development of personality. Generally value in each individual case, as it is inversely proportional to the degree of severity of stress events at the beginning of neurosis. Thus, in normal personality neurosis may develop under the influence of extremely stressful events, which is typical, for example, for military neuroses (Sargant, Slater 1940), but in cases where comparable in intensity display symptoms occur in response to everyday problems, there is usually a certain predisposition of the individual. Relevant predisposing personality traits are of two types: general propensity to develop neurosis and specific manifestation of a predisposition to a certain type of neurosis (eg, obsessional neurosis). Here we consider only a general tendency; specific predisposition to be discussed in connection with neurotic syndromes (in the next chapter). The most significant attempt to assess the general disposition to neurosis (neuroticism) was undertaken by Eysenck (1957). He tied neuroticism, on the one hand, with the ability to variations conditioned reflex and learning disabilities, and on the other with the vibrations of the autonomic reactivity. These ideas were largely confirmed by experimental studies, and a questionnaire to assess the Eysenck neuroticism is widely used in clinical studies. Eysenck ideas are discussed further in the next section.

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