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Psycology » Psychiatry and psychotherapy » Pathology effector functions » Volitional disorders

  1. Psychomotor disorders
  2. Volitional disorders
  3. Disorder drives
  4. Hyperkinetic (hyperdynamic) disorders
Lowering volitional activity. Gipobuliya, abulia (From the Greek.??????? - Weakness of will, apathy, indecision) - a manifestation of the decline of volitional activity. In clinical practice, regarded as lethargy volitional functions that depend on a number of occasions by the inhibitory effect of negative affect, for example, as a vital longing (by K. Schneider, 1923). We have previously noted that patients with endogenous depression has a circular intention, motivation, but the further development of an act slows down, which is manifested, in particular, in gipobulii. These clinical effects can be observed in organic brain disease, such as epidemic encephalitis. With such type of damage to the central nervous system can be lowered all the components of volitional activity, beginning and ending with the motivation activities.

Weakening volitional functions is obligatory manifestation of schizophrenia, especially in the later stages of its development. Korsakov (1891), describing the main disorders peculiar diznoye (acute schizophrenia), noted the "weakening of psychic energy of life." Subsequently, Conrad K. (1959) introduced for such cases, the term "falling energy potential." Weakening volitional functions may also manifest in subjugate the will of another, in suggestibility ("pitiatizm" by J. Babinski, 1909, 1917). It is also characteristic of mental retardation patients, some psychopathic personalities asthenic circle hysterical subjects. Reducing resource contributes to the formation of voluntary alcohol and drug addiction.

Strengthening volitional activity (giperbuliya) Manifests itself in the pursuit of increased activity, motor revival, accompanied by anxiety and in some cases an increase in speech production. Increase (apparent) volitional activity sometimes depends on disinhibition lower instincts, thereby assume the character of impulsive action, unmotivated. There are cases of partial volitional activity, for example in parts of hysterics, which generally tend to be weak-willed and suggestible.

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