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Psycology » Psychiatry and psychotherapy » Neurosis: Part I » Adverse life events

Some general questions related to the study of adverse life events, discussed on p. 84-8 5, in this section we are only interested in their role in the etiology of neurosis. It is known that patients with a type of neurosis small affective disorder reported more adverse life events in the three-month period preceding the start of disorder than can recall for the same period of time control subjects (Cooper, Sylph 1973). However, as noted on page 85, many are experiencing adverse events without consequences such as the development of a mental disorder.
Individuals may differ in their sensitivity to the effects of the ills of life for three reasons. The first is that the same event may be unequally significant for different people. These differences in perception of events presumably reflect past experience, for example, divorce is likely to be a strong stressor for an adult, a child survivor of family breakdown. The second reason supports the presence (or absence) in the social environment of protective factors. For example, in the study of depressive disorders Brown and Harris (1978) found that women in the presence of a loved one, close and trusting relationship proved to be more able to endure the hardships of life. On the degree of influence of this protective effect in doubt. Thus, in the study of small neurosis Henderson et al. (1982) concluded that this kind of social relationship factors are much less important than thought Brown and Harris. None of these alternative views is not safe to stay in as social relationships can not be sufficiently accurate estimate.
The third reason is to ensure that different people are not equally inherent in those personal qualities that allow to resist stress. These qualities, they determined that the properties of human nature, which is often called the vitality while little is known. However, it is possible that they will be able to determine by studying people, especially successfully coping with stress.


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