General Psychology Psychiatry Psychologists Thinkers Crib

Psycology » Psychiatry and psychotherapy » Psychopathy » Types of psychopaths

These individuals are considered to be small with the views of others and self-confident in his actions, and in speeches, they like to interfere in the affairs of others, to give all tips own "I" is always on the first place. Moral feeling in moralizers mild.

External behavior schizoid devoid of emotion, natural plasticity and flexibility of the psyche that gives the whole pattern of personality traits sketchy. Persons schizoid type do not mix with the environment, between, and the people around them saved invisible barrier. Their appearance and behavior often disharmonious and paradoxical, facial expressions and motility devoid of naturalness, ease what may be considered as characteristic for their mental image of the whole.

Asthenic psychopathy.

A distinctive feature of this type are easy fatigability and irritability that resembles the classical neurasthenia J. Byrd with "irritable weakness." Patients diagnosed with asthenic psychopathy attract attention timidity, shyness and extreme sensitiveness, a tendency to self-observation. These qualities are the easiest in unusual, non-standard situations. Consciousness such astenikov determined prevalence of dissatisfaction, feelings of inferiority, worthlessness, pessimistic self-esteem, lack of confidence in themselves, dependence on others, fear of impending difficulties. They are afraid of responsibility, can not take the initiative and often take a passive stance in life, show humility and subjugate, meekly demolished all grievances granted.

Some asteniki differ general lethargy, lack of initiative, indecisiveness, suspiciousness, or apathetic (more uniformly depressed mood. They are not capable of prolonged stress, work their tires. Fearing all kinds of diseases, they are looking for in their dispatches any signs of deviation from the norm. Directing their attention to the smallest sensations of your body, they are against the will upset the already wrong they act autonomic functions, and if this is added to the unpleasant moments (poor living conditions, problems at work, etc.), they easily arise real "organ neuroses "(e.g. cardioneurosis).

Kind of asthenic psychopathy PB Gannushkin considers the type described by SA Sukhanov as psihasteniya and anxious-hypochondriac personality. Here the main property - this tendency to excessive anxiety and exaggerated suspiciousness. People of this type are worried about, what most people refer quietly or even indifferent (anxiety evading personality disorder).

According to PB Gannushkina, some patients-Psychasthenic prevails a tendency to doubt, extreme hesitancy in decision-making, determining its own course of action, they do not have confidence in the correctness of their feelings, judgments and actions. They lack independence, ability to fend for themselves, resolutely refuse. In accordance with the concept of Janet, all of these properties are the result of the voltage attenuation of mental activity, a general feeling of "incompleteness" experiences all mental processes. Although Psychasthenic behavior, their relationships with people are not always rational, they are rarely associated with spontaneous impulses. Immediate feeling inaccessible Psychasthenic, wrote PB Gannushkin and "lighthearted fun rarely is his lot." Constant awareness of the lack of completeness and naturalness of various manifestations of mental activity, persistent doubts about the possibility of their implementation contribute to the transformation of individuals in non-self-dependent, constantly in need of advisors, who are forced to resort to outside help. Kraepelin fairly evaluate it as a common property of psychopathy - mental infantilism.

Anxious-hypochondriac, described SA Sukhanov Psychasthenic TI Yudin regards as sensitive personal. Impressionable they tend to get stuck on a negatively stained impressions, fearful, vulnerable, touchy, shyly, sometimes shyness is so great that they can not act on its own discretion. They are not well suited to physical labor, impractical, clumsy in his movements. As noted by P. Janet, they are addicted problems, very far from reality, constantly concerned about how someone would not bother, they constantly analyze themselves with their usual derogatory self-esteem, exaggeration own shortcomings.

Usually Psychasthenic yet adequately compensated in life, with the right way of life they are able to overcome their doubts. Despite the softness and indecision, Psychasthenic may exhibit unexpected for their hardness, if circumstances so require, they often try to make scheduled as soon as possible, gave it with special diligence. In extreme cases, such people may unexpectedly discover not peculiar to them earlier bravery.

Anankastnaya psychopathy characterized by the formation of various obsessions content. Dominated thinking obsessions decompensation may show rituals.

Hysterical psychopathy.

Features that characterize the specificity of hysterical persons have long been known. More T. Sydenham (1688) compared the disease Proteus [1] in connection with the extremely volatile behavior with her, he was the first noted that suffer from hysteria may not only women but also men. T. Sydenham gave a brief but accurate description of the hysterical character: "All is full of whims. They are immensely fond of that soon begin to hate without reason. "

In the psyche of people with a diagnosis of hysterical psychopathy marked predominance get emotions, affects with an exaggerated demonstration of their feelings and experiences. Their internal shape determined by predominance of deep self-centeredness, spiritual emptiness in the propensity to external effects, demonstrative, indicating that mental immaturity, mental infantilism (cardinal sign of psychopathy by Kraepelin). In connection with this hysterical behavior of psychopaths is not dictated by internal motives, but from a desire to impress others, constantly play a role, "the desire for recognition" (K.

© 2008-2020 Psychology online.: en, es, de, fr, cz