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Psycology » Psychiatry and psychotherapy » Methods of study of mentally ill » The method of psychological examination

  1. Questioning. History
  2. The method of psychological examination
  3. Neuropsychological testing
  4. Neuroimaging examination and pharmacological methods
  5. Somatic, neurological examination and laboratory
  6. Special laboratory techniques

The purpose of the survey is to assess the psychological structure of the personality as a whole and especially its cognitive (cognitive) functions. Research methodology varied personality.

For the direct study using traditional methods for evaluating memory interrupted action that identifies features of the motivation of patients, the level of research method claims, self-assessment methodology Dembo-Rubinstein (aimed at identifying opportunities reflective of the patient and its criticality in the current situation).

Indirect methods of studying personality include projective tests, various questionnaires and scales - such as the Minnesota Multiphase Personality Test (MMPI), Thematic Apperception Test (tat), diagnosis of interpersonal relationships (ie test Leary), etc. These studies in a psychiatric clinic or hospital conducts counselor.

The same applies to the study of cognitive (cognitive) functions. The features of perception, thinking, attention, and memory. Of particular importance is the identification of the distortion process of generalization as a sign that can be helpful in the diagnosis of schizophrenia. In such patients a generalization on the basis of unessential. Variety of instructional techniques allow it to install. One of them is that of the four pictures depicting various objects necessary to select one that does not fit within the meaning of the other ("the fourth extra"). For example, three pictures depict tools, and the fourth - the sea or a sunset. Selecting the wrong image schizophrenic explains in a special way, in accordance with its own internal logic. Naturally, these results are accounted for as diagnostically significant only in the presence of clinical signs of disease, the psychological test in such cases only objectifies particular pathology of thinking.

Assessment of the level of intelligence produced by the test Wechsler. Based on the performance of the patient assignments calculated IQ (intelligence) - "IQ"(Iq - IntellectualQuotient)Officially adopted for this purpose cart. Average norm is 100, but in most developed countries the average value exceeds 100 iq. Figures 90 to 70 are considered borderline area of ​​"low normal", but did not refer to the values ​​that characterize the presence of dementia. Debility characterized by indicators from 70 to 50. Readings below 50 indicate the presence of imbecility, profound dementia.

Memory impairment is often estimated using such a simple test, such as remembering the ten words delayed their reproduction. And used techniques such as playback of short stories (semantic memory) or shown images (visual memory). Clinical psychologist psychiatrist provides the data that were obtained from a study of the characteristic features of thinking, perception, affect, and memory. These data provide additional material to the overall clinical and psychopathological study.

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