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Psycology » Psychiatry and psychotherapy

Treatment of patients with schizophrenia

The success of treatment depends on whether the doctor will be able to establish a good relationship with the patient, in order to secure his assistance. To achieve this it is sometimes not easy, especially if you are dealing with chronically ill, suffering from paranoia or emotionally indifferent, but as a rule, the progress achieved skill and patience. It is important to set realistic goals, especially in the treatment of patients with the most severe disabilities. Overly optimistic, forced rehabilitation plans may exacerbate symptoms in a patient and be an undue burden on his family (if he is treated at home

Course and prognosis

Although it has become a generally accepted opinion that the outcome of schizophrenia worse than most other mental disorders, conducted surprisingly little long-term follow-up studies of patients with schizophrenia. Even fewer were studies that used diagnostic criteria satisfactory, adequate largest sample of patients and outcome evaluation methods that allow to distinguish between symptoms and social adaptation. It is known that the result can vary widely. These differences can be explained in three ways: 1) schizophrenia may be one painful condition for kotorog

Conversion and dissociative disorders: Treatment

Usually acute dissociative and conversion disorders observed in general practice or in emergency departments for treatment is enough persuasion and suggestion calming combined with immediate efforts made to resolve the stressful circumstances that triggered the reaction. For cases lasting more than a few weeks, a more aggressive treatment. The usual method of therapy are efforts aimed at eliminating the factors exacerbating symptoms and encourage normal behavior. Patient should explain that its existing malfunctions (eg violation

Hyperthyroidism

In hyperthyroidism always some psychological symptoms, including anxiety, irritability and distractibility, which can be so severe that the overall picture resembles an anxiety disorder. In the past, acute organic psychiatric syndromes observed as part of a thyrotoxic crisis, but with modern methods of treatment such events are extremely rare. Few hyperthyroid patients diagnosed with schizophrenia or affective disorder, but it can be a coincidence. Differential diagnosis between thyrotoxicosis and anxiety disorder establish

Apituitarism

When pituitary insufficiency are common psychiatric symptoms. After examining the data presented in the literature, and summarizing his observations, Kind (1958) concluded that 90% of patients with hypopituitarism present psychiatric symptoms, and half the heavy. The main symptoms include depression, apathy, lack of initiative, and drowsiness. Sometimes cognitive impairment in patients suffering from hypopituitarism so severe that it leads to an erroneous diagnosis of dementia. Another likely misdiagnosed minor depressive disorder. In the differential diagnosis with anorexia nervosa following

Common questions of therapy

Targets planned treatment must be reasonable, and should provide a significant amount of time to achieve them. In the treatment of personality disorders medications play a minor role. For short periods of time when a patient has excessive anxiety filter can receive anxiolytics or neuroleptics, but do not prescribe these drugs for long-term use because of their beneficial effects will decrease and anxiolytics can also be addictive. As suggested by the clinical experience in the treatment of lithium carbonate softened mood swings in some patients with cyclothymic disorder

Investigation of the influence of childhood on personality development

Even infants can see marked differences in such characteristics as the structure of sleep-wake approach to new situations and to depart from them, the intensity of emotional reactions and duration of concentration. Although these differences have been proven to have persisted throughout childhood, it is unlikely that they were closely associated with the characteristics of adult personality (see: Berger 1985). Considerable attention is given to the effect that has on the development of personality violation relationships between parents and children, especially from his mother. However, although the latter circumstance was suggested as the cause of development

Corticotherapy

It would be logical to expect that psychiatric symptoms arising from corticosteroid therapy, will be identical to those observed in Cushing's syndrome, but in fact there are certain differences. If display is not particularly heavy, or more likely a light euphoria mania than depressive symptoms. In severe manifestations developing depressive disorder, as in Cushing's syndrome (see: Ling et al. 1981). Sometimes corticosteroid treatment causes acute organic syndrome in which there may be pronounced paranoid symptoms. The severity of the mental disorder is not dependent on dosing regimen. Patients

Psychoanalysis

Research method used in psychoanalysis, unlike already considered methods have been developed specifically for the study of mental disorders. It has emerged from clinical experience, and not from the construction on the basis of basic sciences. Psychoanalysis is characterized by a particularly complex and universal theory of both normal and pathological mental functioning. Compared with experimental psychology, it is much more concerned with the irrational side of mental activity. Because psychoanalytic theory offers a broad range of clinical explanations of phenomena, it has a wide circle of adherents. However, the same is particularly

Ethology

Ethology has monitored and description of behavior, in particular those of its forms that seem natural. This science has indirectly contributed to the psychiatric etiology, suggesting a simple observation techniques that have proven valuable in the study of children's behavior. In addition, great importance was the study of critical periods of development, during which explore specific behavior is easier than at any other time. During ethological primate studies examined the effects of separation of calves from their mothers. When removed from the premises of the primacy of the mother (in the rest of the environment remains unchanged), d
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