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Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527)

Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527)

Italian political philosopher, historian ("History of Florence", 1520-1525, writer (comedy "Mandrake", 1518). saw the main cause of disasters in Italy's political fragmentation, which is able to overcome a strong power ("The Emperor" ,, 1513). sake of strengthening the state considered acceptable by any means. Hence the term "Machiavellianism" to determine the policy that ignores moral norms.

Erasmus (1466/1469-1536)

Erasmus (1466/1469-1536)

outstanding humanist Renaissance. "Voltaire XVI century" (Dilthey); friend Thomas More, was associated with the Florentine Platonic Academy. Advocated tolerance and debate that took place on the Reformation, stood outside parties. Major works: "Praise of Folly».

Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592)

Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592)

French lawyer, politician and philosopher, who dealt with issues of morality, a brilliant writer and essayist, in their outlook pronounced skeptic. In his main work "Experiments" (1580-1588) opposed scholasticism and dogmatism, considers man as the greatest value.

Giordano Bruno (1548-1600)

Giordano Bruno (1548-1600)

Italian philosopher and pantheist. Accused of heresy and burned by the Inquisition in Rome. Developing the ideas of Nicholas of Cusa and the Copernican heliocentric cosmology, defended the concept of an infinite universe, and countless worlds. Major works "On reason, early and uniform", "On infinite, the universe and worlds", "On the heroic enthusiasm." Copyright anticlerical satirical poem "Noah's Ark", the comedy "Candlestick" philosophical sonnets.

Francis Bacon (1561-1626)

Francis Bacon (1561-1626)

English philosopher, founder of English materialism. Lord Chancellor under King James I. Founder of experimental science in modern times. In his treatise "The New Organon" (1620) proclaimed the goal of science increase the power of man over nature, proposed a reform of the scientific method - purification of the mind from error, appeal to experience and processing it through induction, the basis of which - an experiment. Copyright Utopia "New Atlantis».

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