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John Scotus Eriugena (810 Oak - Oak 877)

John Scotus Eriugena (810 Oak - Oak 877)

Philosopher, of Irish descent, from the beginning of 840's lived in France at the court of Charles the Bald. Guided by the Greek Neo-medieval (translated into Latin "Areopagitica"). In the main essay "On the Division of Nature" singled out the nature of "the creative and Creation" (God), "Creation and the creative" (divine ideas), "Creation and the creative" (God as the ultimate goal of the world process.)

Abu Nasr Muhammad Ibn Al-Farabi (870-950)

Abu Nasr Muhammad Ibn Al-Farabi (870-950)

philosopher, scholar and lexicographer, one of the main representatives of eastern Aristotelianism, interwoven with Neoplatonism. Nickname - The second teacher (after Aristotle). Lived in Baghdad, Aleppo, Damascus. Major works - "Gems of Wisdom", "Treatise on the views of residents of the virtuous city," a treatise on the classification of the sciences, "The Big Book of Music».

Avicenna (Ibn Sina) (980-1037 Oak)

Avicenna (Ibn Sina) (980-1037 Oak)

scientist, philosopher, physician, musician, lived in Central Asia and Iran, was a physician and vizier under different rulers.

Anselm of Canterbury (1033-1109)

Anselm of Canterbury (1033-1109)

Theologian and philosopher, representative of early scholasticism Augustinian direction church leader. Fought for the independence of the Church against the kings of England. Developed the so-called ontological proof of God's existence from the very concept of God. Saw in faith the premise of rational knowledge: "I believe in order to understand."
Abu Hamid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazali (1059-1111)

Abu Hamid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazali (1059-1111)

Iranian theologian and philosopher of Islam. First, in the spirit of a mystic Sufi questioned the general validity of the law of causality, then became a staunch opponent of philosophy ("Refutation of philosophers") and voosnovatelem orthodox theology ("Resurrection of Sciences of faith"). Had an impact on medieval philosophy, including in Europe.

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