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Marcus Aurelius (121-180)

Marcus Aurelius (121-180)

Roman emperor (161-180) from the Antonine dynasty, philosopher, one of the most important representatives of the Roman Stoic, Epictetus follower. Wrote 12 volumes under the title "The arguments about itself».

Dams (Oak 204/205-269/270)

Dams (Oak 204/205-269/270)

Greek philosopher, founder of the school of Neoplatonism. 54 Plotinus published his disciple Porphyry, arrange them, divided into six groups, with nine works each, hence the name "Ennead" ("Devyatiritsy"). Dams played a major role in the development of ancient dialectics.

Anica Manlius Boethius Severin (Oak 480-524)

Anica Manlius Boethius Severin (Oak 480-524)

Christian philosopher and Roman statesman. Approximate Theodoric, accused of plotting against him, awaiting execution wrote the main essay "The Philosophy of Consolation." Translated into Latin logical works of Aristotle and Porphyry, the works of Euclid, Nicomachus. Boethius considered an intermediary between the ancient world and the Middle Ages, "the last and the first Roman scholastic».

Augustine of Hippo (Blessed) (354-430)

Augustine of Hippo (Blessed) (354-430)

largest medieval philosopher, a prominent representative of the Western "church fathers." Had a great influence on the whole life of the Middle Ages of Western Europe, the founder of the Christian philosophy of history ("City of God"). Developed the doctrine of predestination. Author works "Against academics", "On the blessed life", "On the immortality of the soul," "On Teacher", "Free Will" autobiography "Confessions", etc.

Sankara (788-820 OK)

Sankara (788-820 OK)

Indian religious philosopher, reformer of Hinduism. Synthesizing all previous orthodox (ie, recognizing the authority of the Vedas) system, developed the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta. In his comments to the "Brahma Sutra" a new interpretation of the teachings of Vedanta unity.

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