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Heraclitus (544-483 BC Oak E)

Heraclitus (544-483 BC Oak E)

Greek philosopher, representative of the Ionian school. Considered the initial fire of the world, which also has a soul and mind (logos) by condensation of fire all things arise, by discharging it back. Expressed the idea of ​​continuous change, becoming ("everything flows", "one can not enter twice the river"), that opposites are in the eternal struggle. Major works: "The nature».

From Clazomenae Anaxagoras (500-428 BC Oak E)

From Clazomenae Anaxagoras (500-428 BC Oak E)

Ancient Greek philosopher, mathematician and astronomer, founder of the Athenian philosophical schools. Was accused of atheism and banished (431). Copyright doctrine of indestructible elements - "seeds" of things (gomeomery). The driving principle of world order - the mind (nous), which organizes the elements.

Mo Tzu (Moe Dee) (Approx 480-400 BC BC)

Mo Tzu (Moe Dee) (Approx 480-400 BC BC)

great Chinese scholar, an expert in the field of social ethics, an outspoken opponent of Confucius. The basic thesis of the teachings of Mo Zi of "universal love and mutual benefit" - an attempt to kind of ethical justification idea of ​​human equality. Views of the thinker and his students collected in the book "Mo Tzu».

Socrates (469-399 BC Oak E)

Socrates (469-399 BC Oak E)

Greek philosopher, one of the founders of dialectics as a method for finding the truth by asking leading questions - the so-called Socratic method. Was accused of "worship new gods" and "corrupting the youth" and sentenced to death. Expounded his teachings orally. The purpose of philosophy - self as a way to comprehend the true good, virtue is knowledge, or wisdom. For subsequent periods, Socrates became the embodiment of the ideal of the sage.

Democritus of Abdera (GK 470 or 460 - Around 360 BC BC)

Democritus of Abdera (GK 470 or 460 - Around 360 BC BC)

Greek philosopher, founder of atomism. According to this doctrine, all that happens is the motion of the atoms, which differ in shape and size, location and location are in the empty space in perpetual motion, and because of their connection and disconnection things and worlds arise and come to ruin. The highest good can be achieved by curbing his desires and moderate lifestyle. Democritus called "laughing philosopher».

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