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Thales of Miletus (625 Or 640 Oak - Oak 547 Or 545 BC BC)

Thales of Miletus (625 Or 640 Oak - Oak 547 Or 545 BC BC)

ancient Greek thinker, founder of ancient philosophy and science, the founder of the Milesian school, one of the first recorded philosophical schools. Erected all the variety of things to a single pervostihii - water.

Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha) (623-544 BC BC)

Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha) (623-544 BC BC)

founder of one of the three world religions - Buddhism.

Lao-Tzu (Li Er) (Rod 604 BC BC)

Lao-Tzu (Li Er) (Rod 604 BC BC)

Lao Tzu - the honorary name of the greatest Chinese thinker Era Lee (Lee dupe, Lao Danya), the founder of Taoism. He is credited with the authorship of the "Tao Te Ching" (treatise on the ways and virtues) The basic concept of Lao Tzu - the Tao, which is metaphorically likened to water (compliance and invincibility). The effluent from the Tao way of action - inaction (wu wei), compliance, obedience, renunciation of desires and struggles. On the life of Lao Tzu, little is known. Based on information contained in the chapter "Tianxiao" ("Celestial") in the book of Chuang Tzu and the chapter "Life of Laozi" in the "Historical notes," we can say that Lao Tzu was a bit older than Confucius .

Pythagoras of Samos (570-500 BC Oak E)

Pythagoras of Samos (570-500 BC Oak E)

Greek philosopher, religious and political leader, founder pifagorizma mathematician. According to Pythagoras, the principles of mathematics - number - are also the principles of the world, and numerical relations, proportions - a reflection of the harmony of the world. So the world was called "space" - because it domination of order and harmony.

Confucius (551 (552) -479 BC BC)

Confucius (551 (552) -479 BC BC)

ancient Chinese philosopher, founder of Confucianism main views are set out in the book "Lun-yu" ("Analects»).

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