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Psycology » Persons » Psychologists » Grotto Nicolai Yakovlevich

At the same time with the further development of self-awareness, more people freed from the influence of the medium, the center of gravity in the orientation of the psyche is shifting from passive to active, from mental life to mental activity.

All kinds of mental processes were divided into 2 types Grotto. The first type is characterized by a heterogeneous mix external to the whole, and the second - the total internal condensation from disparate parts.

After defending this thesis, he was unanimously elected Professor of the Department of Philosophy of Novorossiysk University in Odessa, where he taught for three years the autumn of 1886 the scientist moved to Moscow, where he received a chair at the University of Moscow. In 1888 he became chairman of the Moscow Psychological Society.

Constructing evolutionary theory of mental processes in which they develop from simple to complex subject sensations fantasies and desires, Grotto turned to more complex philosophical and psychological problems of the criteria of truth, subject-object relations and freedom of the will, the origin of the ideas of space and time.

To natural-scientific way to justify the activity of mind and activity, human creativity, he used the idea of ​​psychic energy. This energy is generated by nature and, therefore, exists objectively and obeys the laws of conservation and the transition from one form to another. Mental activity - it is a real interaction with the subject and the object from the subject, it consists of his perceptions and actions. Perceive energy subject Grotto called consciousness, and acting - will.

Thus, being a product of the psychic energy of consciousness and self-consciousness, the human will is free. This is an active force, amateur soul that overcomes passive resistance force inert matter This position has allowed to recognize the freedom of man, based on the science considerations.

Nikolai Yakovlevich Grotto died May 23, 1899 Not all of his ideas were recognized by the scientific community of the time. His evolutionary theory of mental processes brought him success and fame, but his philosophical and psychological theories have remained unappreciated solving scientific problems, Groth H I managed to create ideas which seemed to his contemporaries too new and unusual. In the last decade of XX century creativity NY Grotto is reviewed and receives new life.


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