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March 8, 1875 in the village Novosyolki Pronsky County Ryazan province in a large family of a rural doctor Boris Gannushkina born boy, named Peter. My father was a very busy man, because often traveled to the sick, but he tried to be attentive and caring in dealing with children, went into all their needs and tried to understand. The mother was kind of impoverished nobles. She received a good education at home, knew German and French, was fond of philosophy and loved music, painting, poetry. She gave to their children early education.

In 1884 the family moved to Ryazan, where his father gets a job in the gymnasium. There also comes to study and Peter Gannushkin. His study takes quite successful, but the boy escapes participation in various circles. Being very sociable, he did not like the strict discipline. About 13 years, the future psychiatrist already started to show interest in nature and the human psyche. At the same age he read the work of IM Sechenov "Reflexes of the Brain," in which the author tried to make the relationship between a person's mental state and his physical actions. Perhaps this book made PB Gannushkina already thinking about the nature of the human psyche.

During his studies, PB Gannushkina the gymnasium in Ryazan province was a significant event. Zemsky psychiatrist NN Bazhenov reorganized mental health care in his office. He refused straitjackets, introduced a system of "open door" and psychiatric nursing, as well as significantly improved the conditions of detention of the mentally ill in his clinic. Rank of crazy he raised them to the level just sick people, and successfully applied the "occupational therapy." The activity of this remarkable man could not pass unnoticed by the schoolboy PB Gannushkina. These events certainly left their mark on his emerging consciousness.

In 1893, PB Gannushkin finishes school with a gold medal and entered the Moscow University Faculty of Medicine. Here he enthusiastically immersed in the study of medical sciences. This university while lectures by famous scientists such as IM Section ("father of Russian physiology"), MP Cherin (Professor of general therapy and diagnostics), AJ Kozhevnikov (made a significant contribution to the development of domestic neurology and psychiatry) and SS Korsakov (his doctoral dissertation "On alcoholic paralysis" gained international fame).

After the third course PB Gannushkin finally chose a psychiatry as a medical specialty. He has been at the Department of Nervous Diseases led by AJ Kozhevnikov, and 5-year student studying psychiatry at SS Korsakov. During his studies at the University of PB Gannushkin simultaneously working in a mental hospital, performing the duties of junior and middle-level medical personnel. Here he has the opportunity to see for themselves the various systems of physicians.

In 1898 PB Gannushkin graduated from the university. He is offered a full-time resident take place, but he refuses. After working for 4 years, Peter B. in 1902 served as a freelance assistant in a psychiatric clinic VP Serbian. During this time he has been developing materials outpatient clinics and on their basis wrote a number of scientific papers. Special influence on PB Gannushkina has SS assistant,. Korsakov SA Sukhanov. They jointly published 6 scientific papers in which analyzed not mixed and homogeneous forms of diseases. They identified a particular constitution obsessions and showed how in some cases they can go into a mild form of schizophrenia. The authors noted that sexual deviance inherent in man with obsessions, are only related phenomena, and not the cause of the disease (in contrast to the theory 3. Freud).

In 1904, PB Gannushkin doctoral thesis "acute paranoia", written under the direction of VP Serbian. After that, he begins to work a lecturer of the department of mental diseases at Moscow University, reading course "Teaching of pathological characters." At this time, Peter B. has been studying the problems of border and social psychiatry. He develops the doctrine of borderline mental health, starting to create a so-called small psychiatry. Applying the dynamic principle, PB Gannushkin expanded the concept of psychopathy, defining it as a changing environment influenced personal formation and not a frozen one anomaly of character traits. Dynamics of age and social conditions underlies the development of psychopathy.

Any disadvantage of human existence necessarily affects his mental health. PB Gannushkin noted that most outbreaks occur psychopathy in adolescence. And here the most important influence for the further successful cash is proper upbringing. Living conditions, general attitudes and well-organized labor - the main factors influencing for psychopathy.

In 1905 Gannushkin sent to Munich in-service training in psychiatry at the clinic E. Kraepelin, who contributed to the development of nosological destinations in psychiatry. Thereafter Gannushkin became a supporter of his teachings. In 1908 and 1911. He again took these courses. In 1907, Peter B. Paris visited a psychiatric hospital of St. Anne, where he got acquainted with the methods of Professor V. Magnan, who attached great importance to syndromic direction in psychiatry. Kraepelin E opposed this trend, considering the mental illness as a natural biological process. In nosology he attached particular importance outcome of the disease, with little paying attention to symptoms

Many, including P. In Serbian, opposed the teachings of Kraepelin. When VP Serbian refused to impose a collegial board in the clinic, intensified conflict between him and the other doctors, and it just started to ignore his theory E. Kraepelin. In 1906, the arbitral tribunal ruled that the collective need of doing things in the clinic. Professor VP Serbian disagreed with this decision and began to actively dismiss the doctors do not support it.

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