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Psycology » Persons » Thinkers » Martin Heidegger (1889-1978)

This saves thinker. However, Heidegger remains of the Nazi party until 1945 while continuing to pay dues. However, in those days, to leave the party meant to depart this life.

Time principalship - National Socialist fuss and almost no philosophical work. But after, from 1935 to 1945, resumed and continues philosophizing. There is nothing surprising in the fact that the main focus of Heidegger's drawn to the history of philosophical thought, the history of culture.

Freiburg, April 25, 1945. Remains two weeks before the end of the Second World War. French occupying forces placed in the old campus. Heidegger matter entrusted a special commission, which includes professors, just liberated from Nazi prisons, where they once were for "political crimes", that is, some form of protest against Hitlerism. The Commission essentially agrees with the proposed version of the philosopher, that after 1934 his relationship with the Nazis actually broke. Nevertheless, the commission concludes.

"Despite the later disposal, there is no doubt that Heidegger fateful 1933 deliberately put at the service of the National Socialist revolution great shine in its own name and its own specific oratory - and thus contributed to the justification of this revolution in the eyes of the German educated public "

Commission Decision Heidegger suspended from teaching in Freiburg, he temporarily forbidden to teach anywhere else in Germany. Heidegger himself and some of his admirers the Commission's decision to present a very tough, and the investigation (as Heidegger writes in a letter in 1945) - "inquisitorial."

Hannah Arendt became famous throughout the world as a critic of "totalitarian society" and an unconditional defender of liberalism. Meanwhile, she was the mistress and a true disciple of Heidegger. When he was in the postwar years were accused of collaboration with the regime, she defended her former lover.

After the war, Martin Heidegger is experiencing some hard years for him This is a period of alienation and mistrust. Support, as always, is the family. And, of course, "communication" with those with those from whom and from what they can not tear philosopher draws solutions - with the great thinkers of the past, with great works, ideas and images of human culture.

Spiritual refuge for him becomes the history of philosophy, history of culture. By the end of 1940 - early 1950's circle of alienation gradually broken. Some former colleagues and friends, and not waiting for repentance from Heidegger, but I believe that it is sufficiently punished by excommunication from the university, one by one restore contacts with the philosopher Heidegger, whose philosophical glory years of neglect in not decreasing, but increasing, begin to communicate new generations of philosophers, poets and artists.

By September 1949, the 60th anniversary of the philosopher, quite forgiving society matures in order to return to the light of Heidegger's historical and cultural ramp. The initiative originally comes from such venerable figures as G. Gadamer, who despite considerable difficulties, arranges publication of a book on the anniversary of Heidegger. Philosophy Faculty of the University of Freiburg again poses the question of the university senate return Heidegger alma mater. Delicate position because there is a solution to the Senate in 1945, prohibiting the teaching career of Professor. In addition, members of the Senate, mainly representatives of scientific knowledge, it is not clear on the meaning of Heidegger as a thinker. Question is addressed to the faculty, which gives it a completely unambiguous answer.

Does Heidegger philosophical dialogue as an essential voice that allows you to put it next to Hegel, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Dilthey, Husserl and other famous people?

Faculty is responsible for the actual question in the affirmative, and treated with full respect to all doubts, would not want to separate yourself from all of Martin Heidegger.

And when obstacles are overcome, Heidegger begins to speak in public, in front of students - first in clubs, then the University of Freiburg and the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts, it expects a real triumph, the audience crowded.

Heidegger participates in seminars, in 1962, visited Greece, the same five years from a paper "The Origin of the definition of art and thought."

Thinker died May 26 at age 86 on May 28. Heidegger was buried in Messkirhe, honorary citizen he was.

Martin Heidegger, one of the founders of existentialism. Although existentialist ideas already put forward earlier, Heidegger in the monograph "Being and Time" (1927) made the first attempt in a systematic form to present the basic principles of the existentialist approach to philosophy. Home philosophical work of Heidegger's "Being and Time", published in 1927, written in a very tricky language. Berdyaev, for example, considered the language of Heidegger's "obnoxious" and his numerous word-words like "mozhestvovanie" - meaningless or, at least, very unlucky.

However, the language of Heidegger, like Hegel, characterized by a peculiar expression, they, no doubt, has its literary style.

Heidegger describes his philosophy as the study of being. He is considered an existentialist, though he denies this connection, arguing that being as such, and not personal existence is for him the most interest. His work focuses mainly on the search for some kind of value that lies in the heart of the surprising fact consists in the fact that "there are things." He owes much to Kierkegaard and his teacher - Edmund Husserl.

In turn, Heidegger had a great influence on Sartre. Heidegger uses the term "being" to describe the way of human existence, and argues that human life is radically different from other forms of life because it is able to know ourselves and think about it being.

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