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Psycology » Persons » Thinkers » Ortega y Gasset Jose (1883-1955)

However, the revolt of the masses, as all the main features of modernity is subject to dual understanding. Contemporary reality has two faces: the face of victory and the face of death. Uprising of the masses can lead to a new, unexpected structure of life, but also to the greatest of disasters throughout the destiny of mankind, and, perhaps, the danger is greater than hope. Deprived commandments binding to a specific behavior of life, our life froze in anticipation.

In the works "Modern Theme" (1923), "History as a system" (1935), he writes about the need to "subdue the mind of life." It is characterized by utopian rationalism - the desire to develop the critical capacity due to "biological" continuity of life. We must, says Ortega, learn to talk "historically", ie, to determine our mental activity within the boundaries created by time and space in which we live.

"We must seek our own circumstances ... within them and features ... Newly master circumstances there is a real man's fate ... I have myself and my circumstances." This statement can be considered as the Spanish version of existentialism.

Several over-generalizing, he spoke to his last days, that in all human endeavor there is something utopian. Man strives for knowledge, but he never manages to really know at least something. He is committed to justice and eventually certainly commits abomination. He thinks he loves, and must in the end make sure that the vows of love and remained vows. Human intentions are never implemented as they are conceived, the destiny of man - to be a promise, a living utopia.


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