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Psycology » Persons » Thinkers » Aurobindo Ghose (1872-1950)

Indian religious philosopher and poet, leader of the Indian national movement. The concept of "integral" Vedanta and Yoga sought to synthesize traditions of Indian and European thought the relationship between the world and the absolute (Brahman) interpreted based on the concept of evolution.

Sri Aurobindo Ghosh was born in Calcutta, August 15, 1872. His father, Dr. Ghosh Krishnadhan studied medicine in England and returned to India Sri Anglomaniac. Aurobindo was not only an English name Ackroyd, but English education. The five-year his father gave him in an Irish convent school in Darjeeling, and two years later with his two brothers sent to England. Ghosh brothers charged with Anglican priest Manchester instruction to protect them from any contact with the Indians. Dr. Ghosh also ordered the pastor Drewett did not give his sons any religious instruction.

In twelve years, Sri Aurobindo knew Latin and French. Headmaster of St. Paul was so struck by the ability of the student, that he became engaged to him Greek. The boy read a lot - Shelley, French poets, Homer, Aristophanes, European thinkers, and in the original, he quickly mastered German and Italian.

Since 1890, Sri Aurobindo went to Cambridge. School of St. Paul gave him a scholarship, which went almost entirely on the content of the brothers. He became secretary of the Indian Majlis - Association of Indian students at Cambridge, played with revolutionary appeals. Abandoning his English name, a young Indian joined the secret society "Lotus and Dagger", whereby got blacklisted Whitehall. However, this did not prevent him to get a college degree.

In 1892, Sri Aurobindo returned to India. He did not have any position or title. His father died a sick mother did not recognize him. In Bombay, he found a position teaching French at the Maharaja of Baroda, then taught English at the State College, where he quickly risen to the Deputy Director. In addition, Sri Aurobindo was the personal secretary of the maharajas. Many times he went to Calcutta, watching the political situation, has written several articles, which caused a scandal because he urged his compatriots to get rid of the British yoke and sharply criticized political begging of the Indian Congress.

Sri Aurobindo blamed not the British, but the Indians themselves, put up with their slave status. He studied Sanskrit, the sacred books of India - the Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, Ramayana. Finally turning to yoga, "I felt that somewhere in this yoga should be a powerful truth."

In 1901 he married Mrinalini Devi and tried to share with her his spiritual life. "I feel all the signs and symptoms (the way I intended) - he wrote her a letter found in the archives of the British police - I would like to take you with me in this way." But Mrinalini did not understand him, and went on one thinker.

Sri Aurobindo wanted to see India independent. It was a program of action, which was the final destination of the people's revolution. In 1906, Sri Aurobindo left Baroda and moved to Calcutta. Blunders Lord Curzon, the governor of Bengal, led to student unrest. Together with Bepinom Pal Sri Aurobindo founded a daily newspaper published in English - "Bande Mataram" ("I bow to Mother India") - a newspaper, which first opened proclaimed full independence and purpose which has become a powerful tool awakening India.

He also founded the extremist party and set up a program of action of the nation - the boycott of British goods, boycott of British courts, boycott of British schools and universities. He became the first director of the National College in Calcutta. Barely a year later, a warrant was issued for his arrest. However, articles and speeches of Sri Aurobindo was nothing illegal - he did not preach racial hatred is attacked Her Majesty's Government, but simply proclaimed the right of nations to independence. Instituted against him was closed.

Sri Aurobindo was the recognized leader of the national party. December 30, 1907 Sri Aurobindo met a yogi named Vishnu Bhaskar Lele. They retired couple in a quiet room, where we stayed for three days. Since yoga of Sri Aurobindo took a different direction. Sri Aurobindo came to the state, which Buddhists call Nirvana, Hindus - Silent Brahman and the West is called transcendent, absolute, impersonal. He reached the famous "liberation" (mukti), which is considered the "top" of the spiritual life, for what else can be outside of the Transcendent?

Sri Aurobindo's own experience confirmed the words of the great Indian mystic Sri Ramakrishna. "If we live in God, the world disappears, if we live in the world, then God does not exist." May 4, 1908, after a failed assassination attempt on a judge in Calcutta, Sri Aurobindo was arrested. He spent a year in the Alipore jail awaiting sentencing, though he was not involved in the conspiracy. After leaving prison, Sri Aurobindo resumed his work, began publishing weekly in Bengali and another - in English.

One day in February 1910 he was warned of the impending arrest. Ten minutes later, a revolutionary already floated on the Ganges in Chandernagore. It was the end of his political life, the completion of the Integral Yoga and the beginning of the supramental yoga. It Chandernagore Sri Ayrobindo opened the great Mystery and dedicated her life.

The main occupation of Sri Aurobindo in the early years of exile was reading the Vedas in the original. Thinker opened the secret meaning of the Vedas - the most ancient traditions of the world - in its pristine, untouched, and he began to translate the extensive fragment of the oldest of the Rig Veda, in particular - lovely "Hymns to the Mystic Fire."

In 1910 Pondicherry came the French writer Paul Richard, and got acquainted with Sri Aurobindo, was so impressed by the breadth of his knowledge, that in 1914, he returned to India.

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