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Psycology » Persons » Thinkers » Sergei Nikolaevich Bulgakov (1871-1944)

First and foremost, a proper name. Name - the root of the individual being, the idea of ​​man in the Platonic sense. Name - the seed of life, it defines inside his carrier, he is not named, but it wears it. Alias ​​is an objective lies and pretense, acting name. "Alias ​​is theft, as assignment is not his name, grimace, lies, deception and self-deception. Recently we have in the most rude manner in the national cross-dressing by name, which is the most common and widespread motif modern alias Trotsky, Zinoviev, Kamenev and others.

Here a double crime: shame mother - his home and gave him the name of the people (for national names are parents through all the people, and the renunciation is made also of all the people), and a desire to deceive others, if not themselves, appropriating someone else's name. " Change the name really is as impossible as to change their sex, race, age.

As for the name of God, it is a real force of revelation is a sound icon. Imyaborstvo akin iconoclasm. "In the name of God the Lord himself calls in us and through us, it sounds to us thunder and lightning flashes Sinai, there is the energy of God."

In December 1922, Bulgakov travels with his family from the Crimea, and after a short stay in Constantinople, settled in Prague, where, thanks to the care of President Masaryk, was founded by Russian Research Institute. At its Faculty of Law Bulgakov became a professor of canon law and theology. " World History - it's The Last Judgment "- quoted Schiller Bulgakov (attributing these words to Hegel) in the preface to" The Tragedy of philosophy. "

When life in the original language to publish this work failed, she married in 1927 in German, Russian, she saw the light only in 1993. Abstracting from the tragedy of his native country, is experiencing the Apocalypse, Bulgakov writes about the tragedy of world philosophy, which is experiencing the ups and downs of Icarus.

"The philosopher can not fly, he must rise in the air, but his wings inevitably melts from solar heat, and he falls and breaks. However, the take-off and he sees something about this vision and tells in his philosophy. Real thinker, as well as a true poet (in the final sense, one and the same), never lies, does not compose, he absolutely sincere and truthful, and yet his inheritance - the fall "

Trouble philosopher - the desire to create a system for logical deduction world is impossible. Philosophical way about. Sergius logically led to his theological writings, which he dedicated himself in his later years. In his political convictions he is a monarchist. About "Christian socialism", he does not want to hear now, because socialism means any violence and infidelity. Other business social Christianity, congregational responsibility for your kind. The human soul - a Christian.

Bulgakov - an essential link in the development of the Russian idea. He has not left, like others, a special work devoted to this problem, but highlighted certain aspects thoroughly and deeply. The main finding them at the same time - the philosophy of Russian ideas inevitably merges with Orthodoxy.

In 1925 in Paris created Orthodox Theological Institute. In July this year, Bulgakov moved to Paris to head the department of dogmatic theology. For many years, he became one of the leading Orthodox theologians abroad. The most significant of these years are the two famous trilogy, which were expressed theological foundations views Bulgakov: "Burning Bush" (1927), "Friend of the Bridegroom" (1927), "The Ladder of Jacob" (1929), "Lamb of God", (1933), "Comforter" (1936), "The Bride of the Lamb" (1945).

Privacy sophiological understanding dogmas of Christianity caused controversy and later Bulgakov harsh condemnation of heresy by Metropolitan Sergius (Moscow), who had, however, under the hands of a detailed statement of his work made enemies of Bulgakov. Metropolitan Eulogius as rector of the Theological Institute, found it necessary to create a special commission to clarify the question of "heresy" Bulgakov, the commission's report was generally favorable to the website, which could further continue his teaching at the Theological Institute.

In the spring of 1939 Bulgakov suffered a serious operation (he had cancer of the throat). The operation was successful, but the vocal cords were removed - but after a few months Bulgakov could speak (almost a whisper) could liturgy and even lectures.

July 13, 1944, due to a brain hemorrhage, Bulgakov died in Paris. The most famous is the theory of teaching Bulgakov Sophia and based on this theory, the concept of unity. His sophiology Bulgakov developed throughout life. Schelling is thought that between time and eternity must be something with which to begin time. Solovyov (Florensky and) Bulgakov name to something - Sophia, the wisdom of God, the entelechy of the world, its potency "Sofia is not only loved, but also likes to mate with love, and in this mutual love she gets everything is everything. And the love of Love and Love to Love, Sofia has a personality and a face, it is a subject, person, or, say theological term hypostasis, of course, it differs from the incarnation of the Holy Trinity, is a special, different order, the fourth hypostasis. She was not involved in the life vnutribozhestvennoy, not God, and therefore does not make triipostasnost in chetveroipostasnost, trinity in quaternity But it is the beginning of a new, created, mnogoipostasnosti. "

This ambiguous position of Sofia (such ambiguity and shadow falls on the doctrine itself Bulgakov, provoking attacks opponents) creates tension between hierarchical levels of existence. On the one hand, Sofia ties with the world of God, is the intermediary between heaven and earth. On the other hand, sin leads to the fact that there is a "shift being with its metaphysical center", and Sofia, together with the world loses a direct connection with the sky.

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