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Psycology » Persons » Thinkers » Sergei Nikolaevich Bulgakov (1871-1944)

Bulgakov did not all agree with Fedorov, but impressed them Fedorov sees if not teachers, the comforter of mankind.

Since 1902, begins a gradual rapprochement with the church of the Russian intelligentsia. Bulgakov participate in this process resulted in the editing of the magazine "New Way" (from autumn 1904), and then - in the edition of the journal "Questions of Life" (1905). These logs are published materials Petersburg religious-philosophical meetings and reflect the evolution of philosophical consciousness of the left intelligentsia.

In 1906, Bulgakov moved to Moscow, where he teaches political economy at the Moscow Commercial Institute and became assistant professor at Moscow University. Also plays an important role in the activities of Bulgakov Religious and Philosophical Society in Memory of Vladimir Solovyov.

In 1907 Bulgakov was elected to the Second Duma: political activity brings him a lot of disappointments, but at the same time provides an important understanding of the historical experience of reality. Biographers invariably note the important dates in the life of Bulgakov's acquaintance in 1910 with PAFlorenskogo. Synergies between the friendship of these thinkers has given much of Russian philosophy. Bulgakov finally goes to religious and philosophical outlook and more to his church and practical interpretation. Labor devoted to the glorification of the main philosophical work period - "Philosophy of Economy" (1912).

"Household labor is already like a new force of nature, a new world-making, cosmogonic factor, though fundamentally different from all the other forces of nature. Era economy has as a characteristic and a certain epoch in the history of the earth, and through it in the history of the cosmos that we can from this point of view the whole cosmogony divided into two periods: the instinctive, pre-conscious or pre-hardware - before humans and conscious, economic, - after his appearance. Of course, we do not say this in the sense of modern evolutionism, but mean the identification of living forces, initially invested in the universe creator. " Bulgakov thinks in terms cosmism. Basically it refers to Schelling, at least - Fedorov.

For defense, he presented the first part, entitled "The World as agriculture," but in his opening remarks to the defense, he outlines the problem, talking about the meaning of life as a fundamental philosophical problem. In the book "Orthodoxy" (chapter "Orthodoxy and economic life") Bulgakov expressed more clearly. He admits that Orthodoxy has little experience in dealing with the social problem, rather than the Western Church, but notes that the spirit of catholicity favors the right approach to the problem. "Of course, Orthodox catholicity is not democracy, but the lack of here" princes of the church, the church with the monarch - the Pope at its head, making a national orthodoxy favoring the spirit of economic democracy Dostoevsky said sometimes: Orthodoxy is our Russian socialism. He wanted to say that it contains the inspiration of love and social equality, which is absent in a godless socialism. "

Their views Bulgakov describes as "social Christianity", whose representatives in Russia, he said Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, Vl. Solovyov and especially NFFedorova.

Next his monumental philosophical work "The Light of unfading" (1917) treats the more general problems than the doctoral thesis "unfading Light" - a book of logic and emotional outcome of a purely philosophical quest Bulgakov.

Bulgakov worked on the proofs of the book "Light of unfading" when the February Revolution. He wondered whether not come apocalyptic era? That ushered in a new act of world-historical tragedy, he had no doubt.

In 1917 Bulgakov takes part in the All-Russian Church Council who restored in our country patriarchate. A year later he was ordained a priest. Writes dialogue "On the feast of the gods" (1918), intended for the book "Out of the depths", which included articles other participants book "Milestones". Bulgakov paints a bleak picture "All foreigners have national consciousness. They define themselves, earn their autonomy, often invent ourselves in the separatist, only for myself always stand firmly. And we have nothing no fatherland, nor patriotism, nor even self-preservation ... It turns out that Russia immediately gone somewhere and disappeared into the fourth dimension and left alone provincial peoples, and the Russian people is a nutritional weight for different parasites. " Yet Bulgakov optimistic about the future, the final dialogue maxim: "Russia is saved!"

And until forced to move to the Crimea, where the family. There is experiencing the rise and fall of Wrangel.

In Crimea there are two of his philosophical work, which long remained manuscripts. This is the "Philosophy of the name" and "tragedy of philosophy." Roots "Philosophy name" go before the war. In 1912, in the monastery of St. Panteleimon on Mount Athos arose imyaslavtsev heretical movement, suppressed by force. Of name - honoring God's name: the name of God in his glory and power. Of name met with interest and received support among Russian philosophers. At the Council in 1917, Bulgakov had to make a report or materials which then formed the basis for the book "Philosophy of the name."

Thought is inseparable from the word. Thoughts without words and words without meaning does not happen. "Words are not galvanized corpses or sound masks, they are alive, because they present world energy world ... Through logo microcosm said space." But why, then, there is not one language, but many languages? Body has many organs and languages ​​form a variety of organic manifestations of a common framework.

Words have the space, a magical force.

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