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Psycology » Persons » Thinkers » Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky (1863-1945)

Vladimir managed to get a trip abroad to prepare for a professorship for a few years, he left Russia. In Germany, England, Italy and France Vernadsky studied crystallography seriously studied literature on the history of natural sciences, humanities and technical sciences. In 1890 Vernadsky was a scientific advisor edaphology section Russian pavilion of the World Exhibition in Paris.

In the same year he accepted an invitation from the University of Moscow. Very soon, as colleagues and students made sure that next to them appeared promising scholar erudite man, interesting teacher. He defended his master, and then a doctoral dissertation appear disciples and followers. In Moscow, Vladimir Ivanovich continued to associate with members of the "Brotherhood", met with Leo Tolstoy, philosophers Trubetskoys brothers, historian PN Milyukov lawyer PI Novgorodtsev. As a supporter of the Constitution and civil rights, Vladimir Zemsky participates in congresses, print articles, speaker. Vernadsky becomes a member of the Tambov Zemsky assembly, takes an active part, together with his friends in famine relief in the 1891-1892 years. He is one of the initiators of the reform of the higher school, the creation of political parties in Russia. In October 1905, the country's first legal party appears Constitutional Democrats (Cadets) "People's Freedom Party." Vernadsky entered its Central Committee. Academy of Sciences and universities selected scientist in the State Council, which impressed him "unusually low mental strength."

Surprising that such employment Vladimir led an extremely intense scientific work. The report at the XII Congress of Russian naturalists and physicians, he practically initiated science geochemistry, taking a step to the creation of an updated picture of the world, the relevant scientific data XX century. "The development of scientific thought ... it's life or area, or the area of ​​art, or the realm of philosophy."

Everything changed suddenly. At the beginning of 1911 university authorities issued an order banning the provocative student demonstrations. The arrests caused outrage among students and professors of administration - more than 120 teachers resigned. University left Lebedev Timiriazev Vernadsky, Zelinsky and others.

Twenty years later, Vernadsky returned to St. Petersburg. In 1912 he was elected an academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences. But the war begins. Despite this, the scientist develops frantic activity to create the first in Russia radiochemical laboratory. Having been in Canada (there passed the International Geological Congress), Vladimir Ivanovich seriously think about the impact of technological progress on the world and the need to create a special commission to study the natural productive forces.

By 1917 the country's social crisis intensifies. In February, surprisingly fast changing power. Vernadsky as a member of the State Council signs the telegram with the proposal to the king's abdication. Then, his career is growing rapidly as follows: Professor of Moscow University, Chairman Committee of the Ministry of Agriculture and Commission scientists enterprises and scientific institutions of the Ministry of Education, Deputy Minister in the Provisional Government.

In November, fearing arrest and the inability to engage in scientific activities, Vernadsky leaving for Ukraine. Work on the discovery continues. ("As I do not suffer from self-criticism, his work, yet in a way, I think the nature nobody covered.")

At the same time it is included in the work of organizing the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences and became its first president (1919). Vladimir tries to expand research, fights for the life of the Academy during the change from one power to another, seeks to gather the family, scattered in the south of Russia, to protect themselves and their work seriously ill with typhus, continued teaching and even becomes rector Tauride University in Simferopol.

In the very first years after Vernadsky stung catastrophe Russian statehood, the destruction of culture: "I can not imagine and can not be reconciled with the fall of Russia, with the transformation of Russian culture in Turkish or Mexican" (Diary of August 30, 1920). He lays the blame on the intelligentsia and infested "idiocy of socialism" in its flat-materialistic form, and ignorance of the people. "Russian Liberation Movement," in which he participated, he now seems "somewhat cloudy, filled with violence and lies," and "Bolshevism - his legitimate offspring", and as the worst experienced in the new order " climbing into the soul, in the most intimate. " "Where to seek support? - Asked himself a question scientist in March 1918 and replied: - Search in the infinite, in the creative act, in the infinite power of the Spirit." With that, he stood up to the end.

In Petrograd Vernadsky back in 1921 thanks to the request of his former pupil, the People's Commissar of Health NASemashko. Ruin and riots, hunger and lack of necessary conditions for scientific work - these are the signs of the time. Responsibility for the fate of Russia Vladimir Ivanovich forced to reject the idea of ​​emigration. He runs the museums, spearheading the Radiochemical Laboratory, organizes meteorite expedition, lectures, participate in complex studies of the Kola Peninsula. And all this in spite of the threat to health and life (in 1921 he was subjected to a brief arrest). Resumed meeting "Brotherhood". In early 1922, finally opens the Radium Institute.

An important stage in the life and work of Vladimir Vernadsky - trip to France, which lasted more than three years. Scientist was elected professor at the Sorbonne and invited to lecture on geochemistry. Vernadsky meets the West of Russian emigrants many old acquaintances and friends on scientific and political activities.

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