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Psycology » Persons » Thinkers » Fyodor Dostoyevsky (1821-1881)


Dostoevsky was thinking about the future. Through its hero Versilov ("Under the germ"), he drew attention to the fact that in Russia "there is the highest cultural type that is not in the whole world - the type of world is sick at all." This "worldwide fan" arises from "earthy" than stronger attachment to their native land, the sooner grows in understanding the fate of the motherland is inseparable from the fate of the world. Hence the desire to make a pan-European and global affairs as a characteristic feature of Russian. "

Frenchman can serve not only their French, but even humanity, only under the condition that will most Frenchman, an Englishman and a German power. Only one Russian, even in our time, there is still much earlier than the general outcome will be summed, already got the ability to become the most Russian precisely when it is most Europeans. This is the most significant difference between our nation from all. Russia strongly lives not for himself, but for only one in Europe. " Here is the "uzkoserdechny Russian nationalism" that Freud attributed to Dostoevsky.

Dostoevsky recognized himself utopian. "A great deal of love and true enlightenment. Here is my utopia. " And at the same time he believed in the feasibility of their dreams. "I do not want to think and live differently, that all our ninety million Russian or how many of them will then be formed and developed, humanized and happy ... And abide universal realm of thought and light, and will have in Russia, perhaps more than anywhere. "

Dostoevsky had to hear critical objection to the desire to enlighten Russian: so they become "average Europeans", which live in the West, and mankind will lose its motley, unification will lead to decline. The answer to this reproach - the doctrine of the catholicity, assuming the uniqueness of individuals, in this case - people.


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