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Psycology » Persons » Thinkers » Blaise Pascal (1623-1662)

He sets out a "universal rule" to be followed in finding the truth.

First, trust only what "seems clearly and distinctly senses or mind" and reliable position fix in the form of "principles or axioms, such as if the two things equal to add equally, then we also get things equal ... "

Second, the output of the axioms are absolutely necessary to the investigation, the accuracy of which follows from the axioms of credibility, such as the sum of three angles of a triangle is equal to two right angles. This dual rule, according to Pascal, warns against any "visions, moods, fantasies," etc., which should have no place in science.

Pretty easy to Pascal "breaks" arguments against the existence of Jesuit emptiness. Hypothesis of "invisible, inaudible, imperceptible to the senses no matter 'cause he has more doubt than faith. If allowed to invent and reinvent "matter and quality," says Pascal, especially in order to easily get out of difficult situations in science, then to what scientific research, research, experiment and do all that is called a thorny path of search for truth. But imaginary solution of scientific problems is not promoting our understanding of the nature of the phenomena being investigated, "delicate matter" does not explain anything in the phenomena associated with the vacuum.

Pascal contends his protest against the blind worship of the authorities: "When we quote the authors, we cite their evidence, not their names."

Junior Blaise Pascal made the old Jesuit abandon many of their objections, however, he had no shortage of new.

By the end of 1648 Pascal published a pamphlet, "The story of the great experiment of equilibrium of fluids." Pascal publicly declared: "Nature has no fear of emptiness." All that had previously explained by this imaginary reasons easily explained by air pressure.

Just a few years Pascal devoted to experiments with vacuum. In the course of these experiments, he discovered the law, which has since been named after him. Transmitting liquid pressure exerted on them in all directions equally. One of the most important practical evidence of public laws Pascal was his invention of a hydraulic press. The result of a theoretical understanding of all of his experiences with the vacuum was "Treatise on the void." In the years 1651-1653 Pascal wrote two treatises: "On the equilibrium of fluids" and "On the severity of the air mass." So along with Archimedes and the Dutch scientist Simon Stevin Pascal laid the foundations of hydrostatics.

Doctors often advise Blaise distracted from scientific studies and to pay tribute to his youth, paying attention to the entertainment that befits his age. More in Rouen Pascal occasionally attended secular salons, acquired a few friends. Moving to Paris in the summer of 1647 did not give him a welcome rest due to illness, and then in connection with work in the field of vacuum September 24, 1651 died in Paris father Pascal. Blaise did not have time to recover from this grief, as he was overtaken by another problem: Jacqueline was determined to leave the monastery, which sharply opposed in the life of their father. In January 1652 she secretly left home and moved to Port-Royal.

Pascal's head goes back in science, complete treatises on hydrostatics, on conic sections, wrote several treatises on mathematics, particularly in algebra and number theory. Since the autumn of 1652 until the spring of next year at Gilberte Pascal lives in their castle Bien Assi near Clermont. In the autumn of 1653 Pascal met with the Duke de Rohan, who became his close friend, and his sister Charlotte twenty years, the fate of which he played the leading role. Duke was younger Pascal only four years, but immediately recognized him as his mentor, and followed him to the end of his short life, his great friend survived 34 years. As for the lovely Charlotte, several researchers have not avoided the temptation to compose a beautiful version of the sublime and yet quite earthly love her Pascal. Some believe unrequited love, others see reason "failed novel" Lovers in class prejudices. Some even reject the possibility of romance between them. Researcher psychoanalyst Baudouin, trying in vain to find out the nature of their relationship with hopelessness remarks - "... there's at least one undeniable love in Pascal's life - his sister Jacqueline."

But if we remain undisclosed secret love object Pascal, but what we know about those lofty feelings he had for the woman he loves. From those years remained surprisingly sincere document - "Discourse on the passion of love." It belongs to the philosophical-love lyrics. This confession is a great mind and a passionate heart, with genuine sincerity tells about the unforgettable joys and sorrows of love. Bright kornelevskaya faith to the mutual enrichment of senses and mind pervades this work Pascal. Mind - is the "eyes of love." Let the poets do not portray love is blind, as if blindfolded. Necessary to remove the bandage that love was truly human and not animal passion. Therefore Pascal "love and reason there is only one and the same thing." The greatness of love in its agreement with reason: "In the great soul of all great souls ... Clean generates purity of passion that is why a great and pure soul loves ardently and sees distinctly what it loves." So, a person is born not only to think, says Pascal, but also to experience pleasure. It is known that in those years, Pascal was going to buy office and marry, but fate decreed otherwise, he never knew any family happiness, no happy love.

November 15, 1654, Pascal went with friends for a ride in horse-drawn carriage. Near Paris, near the village of Neuilly, they had to move the bridge over the Seine, which was being renovated and in one place had no railing.

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