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Psycology » Persons » Thinkers » Erasmus (1466/1469-1536)

This, however, does not prevent them to declare that they are supposedly contemplating the idea of ​​universals, forms, separated from things primary matter, substance, especial and similar items, so thin that Linnaeus himself, I believe, not could see them. "

Philosophy for Erasmus is the knowledge of how it was for Socrates and other ancient authors. It is a wise understanding of life, especially the practical wisdom of the Christian life. Christian wisdom has no need to be complicated syllogisms, and it can be gleaned from the Gospels and the Epistles of St.. Paul. "What else is the doctrine of Christ himself, which he referred to the revival, not returning as our good nature of creation?" - Wrote Erasmus. This philosophy of Christ is, therefore, a "renaissance." Best Books of the Gentiles contain "all that is in accordance with the teachings of Christ."

The great religious reform for Erasmus is next to shake off all that imposed by force of ecclesiastical authority, to challenge those scholastics who decrees the simplicity of the Gospel Truth, which they themselves confuse and complicate. Christ's way to salvation is very simple sincere faith, charity, without hypocrisy, and immaculate hope. And the great saints so great that lived freely in the spiritual simplicity of the Gospel. So, you need to get back to basics. It restores sources, critical edition and translation of the New Testament, and also publishes writings of the Church Fathers: Cyprian, Arnobius, Iereneya, Ambrose, Augustine, and others (Erasmus therefore can be considered a pioneer patrology). Philological reconstruction of the text and correct edition themselves are definitely value for Erasmus philosophical, that is more than just having enough of the operational equipment and erudition. Philosophical spirit concept Erasmus originally manifested in the "Praise of Folly." It's about the work, which has become the most famous, and among others and today she read with the greatest interest.

What is "nonsense"? It's not easy to figure out and determine, as it is presented in its entirety Erasmus, it manifested, on the one hand, as an extremely negative characteristics worst part of the person, in contrast, quality, worthy of Christ, the madness of the Cross (as defined by binding it myself. Paul). And Erasmus is, with a considerable share of playfulness, the whole range of degrees of madness, sometimes shining Socratic irony, interesting paradoxes withering criticism, sometimes with embarrassing failures (as in the case of conviction of depraved habits of the people of the church at the time).

Sometimes Erasmus exposes folly with obvious conviction, and when it comes to faith - with the obvious desire to elevate the transcendental values, sometimes simply as a manifestation of human illusions, however, presenting them as an essential element of life. "Stupidity" - a kind of wonderful broom that sweeps away from its path all that deceptive within the meaning of truth deeper than life itself, sometimes it is hidden under the clothes of the king, sometimes a beggar in rags, sometimes under the guise of this world is a strong villain. "Folly" in the spirit of Erasmus rips covers and comedy shows the true face of life and those who hid behind a mask. It carries the spirit of the scene, masks, acting to somehow make things appear as they are. And so erazmovskaya "folly" is finding the "truth".

Culmination erazmovoy stupidity becomes faith.

"Whereupon, all of the city's most fools seem insane those who inspire Christian piety. They squander his estate, pay no attention to grievances, allow themselves to cheat, do not know the difference between friends and enemies ... What is it, if not insanity? "

And the climax climax "stupidity" is heavenly happiness, though it belongs to another, heavenly life, but he was here on earth, you can taste, at least for a brief moment and only slightly.

"And now, waking up, they say that they did not know where they were. One they know and firmly bespamyatstvuya bezumstvuya, they were happy. Therefore they mourn that their senses again, and nothing else is willing as ever to suffer this kind of madness. "

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