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Psycology » Persons » Thinkers » Erasmus (1466/1469-1536)

By the spring of Erasmus seriously ill and went home with the intention of more in Paris did not return. But friends persuaded him not to leave started, and he returned.

Until the spring of 1499, he remained a Parisian student, not so much on the existing meager stipend Henry Bergen as on fees from private lessons. All this time he was looking for patrons who want to immortalize his name patronage future luminary of theology and literature. In autumn 1498 a patron finally found - William Blount, Lord Mountjoy fourth. In May 1499 Mountjoy took Erasmus London.

Erasmus first visit to England lasted a relatively short time - a little more than six months, but the British were extremely important meeting for his fate, above all - meeting with Thomas More and John Colet. (Universal language scholar of the Middle Ages - Latin - filmed language barriers between people of different nationalities). Thomas More, later the author of "Utopia", the star of the British law, the Lord Chancellor, a fighter against the Reformation, saint and martyr of the Catholic Church, and in that time the young, aspiring lawyer, became a friend of Erasmus. Largely Erasmus and Moore were dissimilar and if complement each other, forming a couple really "perfect man", "crown of nature." They are not just loved, admired and proud of each other - they were needed each other. After the execution of Mora Erasmus wrote: "Since there is no Mora, I felt as if I, too, is no more."

John Colet, the future abbot of St Paul's Cathedral in London and the founder of the famous school in this cathedral, then taught theology at Oxford. With Erasmus they were almost the same age, but Colette has already make a name in the medium of English humanists. Erasmus treated with respect tunic almost reverent; special impression on him lecture about Colette Pauline Epistles. Surprisingly, appearing to Paris to study theology, Erasmus no notable success in theology did not - is when something phenomenal abilities! - But became close friends with the Parisian humanists, published his poems, was different for textbooks benefits Latin style.

In the scientific environment and its noticed and appreciated, but it is difficult not to agree with the opinion of one American researcher that the age of thirty, Erasmus has not yet created almost nothing, and he die about forty, it would hardly remembered today. Construction of a new theology on the foundation of solid and deep knowledge of philology, the study of ancient sources on Christianity, a sort of alliance with theology humanistic science Renaissance were originally the result of the influence of Colet, More and other English humanists, who are often referred to as "Christian humanists."

After spending a summer in the estates of Mountjoy and his father-in recreation and entertainment, fall in Oxford, in the Augustinian College of the Holy Virgin Mary, in conversations with Colet and his colleagues, and December and most of January in London, Erasmus in early February 1500 came again Paris. At this time he lived in Paris for over a year (not counting the three-month absence, in Orleans, where he was hiding from the plague). Their working hours he shared between humanistic science and theology.

In June 1500 came "Collection of Proverbs" - 818 proverbs, sayings and idiomatic expressions extracted from ancient authors theological studies evolved from a reading of St. Jerome and the study of the Greek language - the language of the New Testament and most of the church fathers.

In April 1501 he published the text of Cicero "On Duties," and again in May, left Paris to escape the plague. After visiting the monastery native and benefactor, Bishop of Cambrai (in Brussels), Erasmus settled near Calais - then lived in the castles of noble patrons, in the town of Saint-Omer, at the Abbey of St. Bertin, abbot who was the brother of Bishop Henry Anthony Bergen. This includes work pore over one of the most famous theological writings of Erasmus - "Dagger of the Christian warrior."

Erasmus then tried to return to Paris, but failed (again there came a plague) In autumn 1502 he came to Louvain. Took it perfectly. Adrian of Utrecht, the future Pope Adrian VI, and then rector of Louvain St. Peter, invited him to lecture at the university. But Erasmus refused. He continued his studies, receiving little help from the municipal authorities, as well as "fees" for epitaphs, eulogies and dedicatory preface. But by the end of 1502 he had mastered Greek perfectly. He tried to teach and Jewish, but dropped hardly beginning.

In Louvain Erasmus remained until the fall of 1504. About the next six months he led in Paris, releasing the end of this period, "Notes on the New Testament" of the Italian humanist Lorenzo Valla. Points manuscript found in the library of some old monastery near Louvain, apparently led him to believe that it is necessary to restore the true meaning of the ledger of Christianity - New Testament - darkened, and sometimes even mutilated traditional Latin transfer.

Erasmus 1505-1506 years spent in England he "met up with old friends and gained new ones - and scientists, and senior. Among the latter was William Wareham, Archbishop of Canterbury, the spiritual first lady of England. The king promised to Erasmus parish (which would mean a solid and regular annual income), but Erasmus suddenly received an offer to Italy to accompany the royal sons leybmedika Giovanni Boero, who wanted to give their children a university education at home from a young age Erasmus dreamed about Italy and agreed to without meditations.

Along the way he lingered for two months (June - July 1506) in Paris, preparing to publish his translations of two tragedies by Euripides. In late August, he arrived in Turin and immediately, just passing through, received his doctorate.

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