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Psycology » Persons » Thinkers » Averroes (Ibn Rushd) (1126-1198)

In addition, it is influenced by the comments of some ideas Farabi. The latter circumstance reinforces the similarity of sociological views of Ibn Rushd and Farabi, which of course they were required primarily generality inspirational source.

As for the original philosophical works of Ibn Rushd, the most important of them is written around 1180 treatise, which refutes the allegations made before the Peripatetics Abu Hamid Ghazali in "Denial of philosophers." According to the established in the Western historical and philosophical literature tradition of this work is called "refutation refutation." By this form of presentation resembles a treatise of Ibn Rushd great comments. It Ibn Rushd considering the relation of philosophy and religion. It shows that philosophy and religion are very similar in the direction of their judgments. "Philosophy - it's companion and foster-sister of religion ... they are companions by nature, friends on the spirit and innate predisposition." And philosophy, and religion are the subject of their research God, but talk about it quite differently.

Ibn Rushd also considered central to the whole of the medieval period the question of the interpretation of existence: there is a world forever or it is created by God. According to Ibn Ruschdu, material world is eternal, just as God who created the world. Rejecting the creationist concept of the world, he does not abandon the Aristotelian concept of God as the prime mover. It also recognizes the Platonic emanation, which explains the occurrence of the lowest in relation to God the entity moves the heavenly spheres. The ultimate reason for being - God, who is at the top of the hierarchy and represents the thinking itself thinking. Matter exists as a permanent possibility of forms that arise from it, matter and form, for Ibn Rushd, inseparable and form a unity.

The individual souls are not immortal, they die with the body. Ethics Ibn Rushd is teaching that man creates the good in accordance with their attitudes, and not according to what awaits him in the afterlife - Hell or Paradise.


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