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Psycology » Persons » Thinkers » Averroes (Ibn Rushd) (1126-1198)

Some of them are looking for the motives which prompted the Caliph Ibn Rushd subjected to disgrace, excessive familiarity in the last, expressed, in particular, that he called the Prince of the Faithful in one of his books just king Berber, as it was accepted among scientists, without the usual lush titles and epithets. It is also assumed that the cause of disgrace Abu Yusuf had his suspicions about the close relationship between Ibn Rushd and brother Caliph Abu Yahya, then governor of Cordoba. According to another version, by Andalusian rumor of the impending doom of the human race from the unprecedented hurricane, and the governor of Cordoba convened on this occasion the wisest and most respected people in the city, Ibn Rushd dared give mentioned meteorological phenomena natural scientific explanation, but when one of the theologians asked him whether he believes in the Koran story passed on Hell tribe who died in similar circumstances, he exclaimed: "Oh my God, the very existence of the tribe Hell unrealistic, so we talk about the reason for his death!" They said, finally, that some spitpoisons procured comment written personally Ibn Rushd, where there was the phrase: "It is clear that al-Zohra (Venus) is a deity," showed that phrase out of context and the Caliph, attributing it to himself a philosopher, declared it a pagan.

The decision to subject the Caliph Ibn Rushd's disgrace can not be explained in simple conspiracy courtiers personally against one of the favorites Abu Yusuf. First, in addition subjected to repression of Ibn Rushd and other representatives of the intelligentsia Andalusian scientists, doctors, judges, poets, and even some theologians, and secondly, Caliph edict imposed a total ban on the study of philosophy, and therefore called for the removal and destruction of all suspected works, but books on medicine, astronomy and arithmetic; finally, opal Ibn Rushd lasted a relatively short time: after successful completion of the campaign that brought Abu Yusuf honorable nickname al-Mansur (Winner), the Caliph returned to Morocco, where invited Ibn Rushd and other scientists. It is, therefore, was on the other - the desire of the Caliph to calm religious fanatics give their aggressive feelings at least a temporary solution and thereby to ensure peace in their possessions on the Iberian Peninsula.

Ordeals endured by Ibn Rushd in the days of disgrace, could not affect his health - December 10, 1198, he died happened in Morocco. After three months at the request of relatives philosopher, his remains were transferred to Cordoba.

Biographers note of high moral character of Ibn Rushd, his humility and condescension towards enemies. His moral character was so pure that evoked a positive response even in people not liking him as a thinker. So, in his psychological portrait sketches devoted Muslim philosopher, Ibn Sabin, very unflattering and even sarcastically to review intellectual abilities of Ibn Rushd, and in particular, noting its slavish dependence on Aristotle adds: "It should however be recognized that it was a man nesamolyubivy, full justice and conscious disadvantages. "

And another feature of Ibn Rushd astonished his contemporaries - diligence. Said that in his whole life people do not know the evening when he did not write or read. Only twice Ibn Rushd was forced to break his custom in his wedding day and the day of his father's death.

Evidence of ability to work and exceptional versatility of scientific interests of Ibn Rushd is left to them, and artistic heritage. It includes essays on philosophy, science, medicine, law and philology. The shape of his writings and comments are divided into independent work. Comments philosophical (and partly science and medical) content were made by him to the works of Aristotle, Plato ("State"), Alexander Afrodiziyskogo ("On the Mind"), Nicholas of Damascus ("first philosophy"), Farabi (treatises on logic ), Ibn Sina ("Urdzhuza about medicine") and Ibn Baji ("Treatise on the human connection with the activity of the mind").

Total Ibn Rushd was written 38 comments, 28 of which are preserved in Arabic, 36 - in Hebrew and 34 - in the Latin translation. Most of the works in this category is the interpretation of the works of Aristotle, that list would be to sort through all of Stagirite but remain inaccessible to Arab philosophers, including commentator, "Policies." It was said: "Aristotle explained the nature and Averroes - Aristotle." Already some of these interpretations to the vast philosophical heritage of Aristotle would have been enough to immortalize the name of their creator.

It was really a scientific feat - not owning Greek and based solely on the comparative analysis of translation works Stagirite and commentators, to penetrate the subtle curves of the great ancient philosopher thoughts and submit them to the doctrine developed in Neoplatonic freed from impurities form. And themselves, these comments can be called such only in a limited sense, for Cordovan thinker quite independently interpreted in them (especially in the comments to "Metaphysics" and the book "On the Soul") questions which remained unresolved after Aristotle, but to have acquired lifetime Ibn Rushd priority, relevance.

Of the other works of the category for the understanding of their own views of the Cordoba thinker of great importance to Plato's comment "The State", which was known to him as the preceding Muslim philosophers, as presented by Galen. From the comments to the Aristotelian works this work differs in that the author interpreted should it works not only deprived of the halo of infallibility, but has been criticized, especially in cases where Plato gives his political doctrine of religious-idealistic justification, those with no brand, the conviction of Ibn Rushd, probative value.

From the works of Plato Ibn Rushd draws material for constructing the practical part of his theory of the state, a theoretical introduction to the thoughts which are borrowed mainly from them "Nicomachean Ethics," Aristotle.

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