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Psycology » Persons » Thinkers » Augustine of Hippo (Blessed) (354-430)

And in his work, he was able to give genuine answers to most questions of the Christian faith, beginning and ending with cosmology device church organization. That Augustine justified in his book "City of God" need church organization as a mediator between God and believers. He declared that the church is the highest authority in the interpretation of divine truth. And because the content of divine revelation proves Augustine, can not be sought in the sacred texts outside church care.

Arbitrariness Augustine associates with the presence of evil, which, despite its role in our world, independent of the supply base and its source has not. Evil, to convince Augustine, is missing or incomplete Good, violation of the established order of God. Physical evil looks like a vice, and moral evil is in the form of sin. Augustine became the entire western Christianity authoritative "father of the Church", one of the founders of the "scholastic method" of thinking, earning a light hand Abelard title «excellentissimus doctor». Drawing on the traditions of ancient philosophical systems (primarily Platonic-Neoplatonic), retaining many elements of these systems, Augustine laid the foundation of a new philosophy and even, as suggested by contemporary German philosopher, "has created a Christian philosophy in its Latin version limit." In the Middle Ages the Christian Platonism universally prevailed in Western philosophy. Only the XIII century it has a serious rival - Thomism, which, however, was authoritative only for Catholics, while Augustine's teaching found active supporters and among Protestants.

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