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Psycology » Persons » Thinkers » Marcus Aurelius (121-180)

Certainly right when they make calls philosopher on the throne. It is mainly professed principles of stoicism, and the main thing in his notes - this ethical teaching, assessment of life with philosophical and moral aspects and tips on how to treat her.

His philosophical essay titled "Alone With You" (or "to himself") is a note, not intended for publication, is a kind of thinking about life, in which he refers to himself, trying to understand their environment.

Mark understands the frailty of life: "Time is a river, a torrent. Only appear anything like sweeps past already, but sweeps and another, and again at the first sight. " Time is boundless, and before this limitlessness duration of each human life - it is a moment, and life in relation to this boundlessness is extremely negligible. "Miserable life each one insignificant piece of land where he lives." "Remember also that everyone lives only negligible present moment."

Marcus Aurelius and speculates about the memory that remains after death. "All short and soon begins to resemble a myth, and then betrayed and oblivion. And I'm still talking about the people in his time surrounded by an aura of extraordinary. As for the rest, it is worth it give up the ghost, "not to become them a hint." What is eternal glory? "Sheer vanity."

Assessing his life, the life of past times, Marcus Aurelius concludes that it is quite monotonous and gives nothing new, all the same, all repeats. "Ocean mind's eye at least the time of Vespasian, and you'll see all the same thing and now people get married, nurture children, sick, dying, waging war, celebrating festivals, travel, work the land, flatter, indulge arrogance suspect in wait, wishing the death of others, grumbling at the moment, love, collect treasures, seeking honorary positions and the throne. What happened to their lives? She vanished. Migrated during Trajan: and again all the same. Opochil and this life. Look equally to other time periods in the life of whole peoples and pay attention to how many people died soon after reaching his goal and decomposed to the elements. " These words reflected pessimistic mood of an era in which he lived Marcus Aurelius. It was an era of frustration and fatigue that engulfed whole nations.

However, in this vain life and moral values ​​have to be pursued, it is - justice, truth, wisdom, courage. To the true values, he also carries out socially useful activities, citizenship, who oppose such imaginary, in his opinion, values ​​such as "approval of the crowd, power, wealth, life, full of pleasure."

Marcus Aurelius looks at man as a complex social being, which, on the one hand, lives in the present, vain, and on the other - his work pursues long-term goals. So he condemns someone who does not coordinate their affairs with the highest goals, by which he means the good of the state. Marcus Aurelius believed that, despite the futility of human life, it faces high moral problem, which he, in obedience to duty, to perform. And it helps philosophy. "To philosophize is - means to protect inner genius of vilification and blemish, to ensure that he was above pleasure and pain that was not in his actions nor recklessness or fraud or hypocrisy, not to touch it, doing or not doing something his neighbor to at everything and given him an inheritance, he watched as a resultant from where he came forth, and, most importantly - that he meekly waited for death as a simple expansion of the elements that constitute each a living being. "

In his work, Mark once recalls the Christians. The soul of man must be ready to turn away from the body, and this readiness must stem from his own judgment, without a tinge of militancy peculiar Christians deliberately strictly convincingly, without theatrics. It is these latter conditions Marcus Aurelius did not find Christians. Intolerance of Christians to the stranger beliefs completes the list of features of their behavior, which explains Mark antipathy to Christianity. From the notes of Marcus Aurelius that he deeply believed in the existence of gods, who care about the welfare of people. He stressed his respect for traditional religion, performing in Rome before heading to the Roman war (and outlandish) rituals, and in Attica taking initiation into the Eleusinian mysteries. In his essay "To myself," there are these words: "Always jealous care that the business in which you are currently busy, perform as worthy of Roman and her husband, with a full and sincere cordiality with love for people, with liberty and justice, and that is also to be removed from all the other views. This can be you, if you will execute each case, as the last of his life, free from any recklessness of passion caused by disregard for the dictates of reason, from hypocrisy and dissatisfaction with their lot. "


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