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Psycology » Persons » Thinkers » Marcus Aurelius (121-180)

Two days before his death, he told friends that are not distressed by the fact that he was dying, and that leaves behind a son: Dresser has already shown himself dissolute and cruel.

About Marcus Aurelius ancient historians speak as follows: "Marcus Aurelius constantly repeated saying of Plato:" States would prosper if the rulers were philosophers or if rulers were philosophers. "

"From all other inclinations of Marcus Aurelius distracted philosophical lessons that made him a serious and focused. From this, however, it has not disappeared affability, which he exhibited primarily in relation to their parents, then - as a friend, as well as to less familiar people. He was honest without Steadfast, modest without weakness, serious without gloom. "

"To the people he spoke as it was taken in a free state. He showed exceptional tact in all cases where it was necessary to either keep people from harm, or encourage them to do good, some rich rewards justify having shown indulgence of others. He did bad men good and good - excellent, quietly transferring some even ridicule. He never showed any bias in favor of the Imperial Treasury, when the judge acted in such cases, which could bring benefits last. Differing hardness, he at the same time was conscientious. "

"Before you do anything else, he always - not only in military affairs but also in civil - consulted with people in high positions. His favorite saying was. "Justice - I follow the advice of so many experienced friends than as experienced as many of my friends to obey the will, the will of one man."

"He had all the virtues and the divine mind and the defense was as if people from all social disasters. If he was not born at that time, the entire Roman world would fall apart in a single fall. After all, did not have the rest of the war, they were burning throughout the East, in Illyria, Italy, Gaul, the earthquake occurred, sometimes swallowed whole towns were river floods, frequent epidemics devouring locusts field, generally it is impossible to imagine any national disaster that would not raged during his reign. "

In Rome, a kind of monument to Marcus Aurelius is a triumphal column erected in 176-193 years on the model of Trajan's Column. Column of Marcus Aurelius is composed of thirty marble blocks with a sculptural relief that rises and spiral pattern unfolds before the audience fights with the Sarmatians and Marcomanni; upstairs there was a bronze statue of Marcus Aurelius (later replaced by a statue of St. Paul). Inside the tower staircase of 203 steps x-lit 56th light holes. Area in the center of which stands the Column of Marcus Aurelius, succinctly called Piazza Colonna.

On Capitol Square is a monument to Marcus Aurelius - the only surviving antique bronze equestrian statue (in the Middle Ages it was in the square before the Lateran palace, which was the residence of the pope, the statue survived only because it was regarded as the image of the emperor Constantine the Great, who protected the Christians and was always deeply revered by them).

Between the beginning of 172 and 174 years was the so-called miracle of rain. Without wondering whether one or two miracles note crux of the matter, thirsty Roman army suddenly "miraculously" got a lot of rainwater; Christian tradition is credited with Christian soldiers - their supplication was sent down rain, according to another legend, credit belongs to the former Egyptian army Arnufisu wizard and the third version, I suppose, an official linked the appearance of rain, with the prayers of the emperor.

Between the wars Marcus Aurelius visited East. The reason for the trip served Avida Cassius revolt in Syria. Prominent leader declared himself emperor, spreading a rumor or using hearing about the death of Marcus Aurelius. Only viceroy of Egypt supported Cassius, the governor of Cappadocia remained loyal to Mark. Rebellion did not last long (3 months and 6 days). Avida Cassius was assassinated by one of his accomplices. Mark generously dealt with the family and with the participants Avida rebellion (only a few were executed centurions). Taken was the decision not to appoint governors continue natives provinces (Avida Cassius was a native of Syria, which he ran).

Mark arrived in the eastern provinces after the suppression of the rebellion. He visited Alexandria, Syria, Cappadocia (175 here at the foot of the Taurus, he buried his wife Faustina), Smyrna, Greece (particularly Athens, where he received initiation into the Eleusinian mysteries). Marcus Aurelius asked the Senate to grant divine honors Faustina and to build a temple, he said eulogy, although rumor persistently accused his late wife of immorality. Marcus Aurelius either knew nothing about it, or pretended not to know. He thanked the Senate for the announcement of the divine Faustina she accompanied him on all summer hikes, and he called her "the mother of the camps."

After a short rest in Lavinia emperor visited Rome, and then went to the north, where - in the year 177 - the war began again with quads and Marcomanni. 179 year marked a major victory for the Roman arms. Seize victory and develop military success Marcus Aurelius could not - he died on March 17 in the year 180 Vindobona (Vienna) - or Sirmium His death is usually considered a disease plague. Most recently, the joint work of the two authors - historian and physician - presented arguments in favor of another disease diagnosis Marcus Aurelius symptoms indicate a stomach ulcer.

After the death of Mark was officially deified in his honor a temple was built and appointed priests.

The reign of Marcus Aurelius is considered in the ancient historical tradition of the golden age; Mark himself represented in this tradition as the ideal ruler, mainly for humanity. Some of the subsequent emperors, in order to raise their prestige, either themselves or their sons were given the name of Antoninus.

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