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Psycology » Persons » Thinkers » Plato (428 or 427-348 or 347 BC BC)

He worked hard at the Academy, to which he was literally chained to the philosophy of love and friendship with Plato. So, the only result of Plato's stay for four months in Syracuse became Dion expulsion from Sicily.

Since the beginning of the war was no longer Dionysius to philosophy, and he graciously allowed Plato to leave. However, in 361 BC. E., When there is peace in Sicily, Dion for the third time the old man begged Plato go to Syracuse. Dionysius put his forgiveness Dion to the consent of Plato to come to Sicily. The great philosopher did not want to go to the tyrant, but eventually gave up. Dionysius met Plato with great honor. Unprecedented sign of confidence in the meeting were the tyrant and the philosopher alone. Tyrant Plato tried to bestow money, but he does not tempted by these bounties. However, Plato had only start with a conversation about Dion Dionysius, as he saw treachery and hypocrisy tyrant. Dionysius broke his word. Tired, sick, Plato returned to his Academy. Later, he learned that his beloved friend and disciple Athenians killed Dion - Callippus brothers and Philostratus (according to other sources - one Callippus), in whose house he lived in Athens once Dion.

Dion's death in Syracuse (353 BC. E.) After his long struggle, as if finally culminated victory shocked Plato. Much water has flowed since then, as Plato mature man of thirty Academy chose his native home. Raised in a noble austerity and restraint, he was from a young age, as told, bashful, laughed loudly, kept decently. It was not shyness, namely restraint strong and focused a person. He tried not to acquire habits, even the most innocuous and "The habit does not trifle" - Plato said. So he never drank without measure and did not sleep too. But reading and writing allowed himself as willing soul. Work was not the habit and life. Sometimes people bother him, making it difficult to think, and he them.

Plato did not like loud to express their feelings. Even when he recalled the killers Dion is confined only a few harsh words. Anger he considered a disadvantage for the philosopher. But when he had to raise his voice against the offended for trampled justice, for the truth, Plato did not fear death. Suffer for their country was to him quite naturally and easily. "Sweeter than just speak the truth" - not once heard from Plato his friends. He wanted to leave a good memory. And the memory of this - in his books.

Until the last minute he was reading and writing. On the day of his death bed found his favorite books from his youth comedians - Athenian Aristophanes and Sicilian Sophron. Lying in bed sick, he wrote and corrected the "State" and "Laws". Students took out of his hands a copy of "State" with its own draft amendments and signs "law." This famous man who became a legend, many loved him and many were required. There's always been friends, friendship and duty firmly adhered.

Plato was an incorrigible dreamer with a trusting soul. Maybe that's why the famous Timon, and cursed the human race lived in seclusion behind the walls of Athens, with contempt and hate throwing stones at passers-honored talk alone Plato.

Shortly before his death, Plato dreamed if turned into a swan, flying from tree to tree and a lot of trouble birders. Sokratik Simmias interpreted this as Plato remains elusive for those who want to interpret it - for birders like interpreters, who are trying to track down the thoughts of ancient writers, he is elusive because his writings allow a variety of interpretations, and physical, and ethical and theological, and many other. Plato died, according to legend, on his birthday. Testament Plato was extremely modest. Fulfill his last wish Spevsipp philosopher ought nephew and six executors. For a long life Plato acquired two small estates, one he had left his nearest kinsman Adimantu and the other - at the discretion of friends. Money was only three mines, and even two silver bowls - large and small, gold ring and a gold earring.

After the death of his master were four slaves and slave Artemis he let his bequest. And there's a postscript - "I have no debt to anyone." But stonecutter Euclid and Plato owed three mines.

Buried in the Academy of Plato. Plato said that his passion for glory - this is the last garment that we reset with himself dying, but that passion is manifested in our last will and testament, in the funeral and gravestones. The Academy of Persian Mithridates, the future king, erected a statue of Plato with the inscription: "Mithridates Persian, son Vodobata devotes muses this image Plato Silaniona work." Philip of Macedon revered philosopher. Athenians erected a monument near the Academy of Plato.

Statement philosopher wrote nothing himself and mentioned only twice - in the "Apology" and "Phaedo." But when asked once whether to write about it, he replied: "It would be a good name, and note there." Plato was the first major philosopher whose writings almost reached us. However, the problem of authenticity of the works of Plato was the so-called "Plato's question." List of works of Plato, preserved in a manuscript includes 34 dialogue, "Apology of Socrates" and 13 letters.

Some of these 34 dialogues are considered inauthentic. Plato - an outstanding representative of idealism. In this sense, the true words of AN Whitehead: "The most reliable characteristic of European philosophy is that it represents a series of footnotes to Plato."

Plato's cosmology is as follows: Space has a spherical shape, he was created and finite. Demiurge (the creator) has given the world a certain order. This world - a living being, he has a soul, which is not in himself, and surrounds the entire world, consisting of elements of earth, water, fire and air. In the soul of the world dominated by numerical relations and harmony.

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