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Psycology » Persons » Thinkers » Plato (428 or 427-348 or 347 BC BC)

On the ship Spartan Ambassador Pollida Plato sailed from Syracuse, unaware that the ambassador received secret orders to kill him, when the ship will be released into the open sea, or, in extreme cases, be sold into slavery. Pollid decided not to kill all the revered philosopher, but nevertheless, afraid to disobey Dionysius, Plato sold into slavery on the island of Aegina. Eginety at this time fought with Athens, and every Athenian citizen, appeared on the island, expected to slavery.

On the island, where, according to a legend was born, Plato, he was taken to the slave market. Annikerid, a resident of Aegina, accidentally met Pollida and recognized slaves famous philosopher Plato, he immediately bought it for 20 or 30 minutes. But he bought it to immediately release to freedom. And that, as they say, and gained fame. After all, no one would have known about Annikeride, if he had not bought Plato. According to other sources, Plato redeemed at Spartan Pollida Pythagorean Archytas, a longtime friend and well-wisher and Plato and Dion. There were indications that Plato's friends wanted to return Annikeridu spent them money, but he nobly refused. Then friends handed the money to Plato, and he suddenly became the owner of a solid amount.

Returning to Athens after years of wandering, Plato bought on the northwestern outskirts of the city in six stages from the main, Dipilonskih, vorogov house with a garden, where he settled and founded a school of philosophy. All the nearby area, where once there was a sanctuary of Athena and where he remained from twelve olive trees, tree goddess, was under the auspices of the Ancient Hero Academy, which this land was donated supposedly legendary king Theseus.

Athenians called gardens, groves and ancient gymnasium this picturesque corner of Academy There also arose about 385 years BC. Oe. famous school of Plato, which lasted until the end of antiquity. But what are the Platonic Academy? It was a union of sages who served Apollo and the Muses House Plato called "house music", "Museion" Head of School or skholarhom was Plato. But he's still alive appointed as his successor his nephew Speusippus, his sister's son drowned!

The school was housed in the old building of the former gymnasium. Before entering each met the words "yes Negeometr not enter." She pointed to the great respect of Plato and his compatriots in mathematics in general and geometry in particular. No wonder the Academy main focus was mathematics and astronomy. Things were of two types: the more general, to a wider audience, and special, for a narrow circle of initiates in the mysteries of philosophy. Classes are held on the strict schedule. In the morning, all the inhabitants of the Academy raised the alarm ringing Specialty invented by Plato. Following the example of the Pythagoreans, who lived long strict ascetic type communities, students slept little awake and pondered in silence. They organized joint meals, abstain from meat, excite strong sensual passion, eat vegetables, fruits (Plato himself was very fond of figs) and milk, tried to live a pure mind.

Initially Plato spoke, walking under the trees in the grove of Academe, and then at his home, where he arranged the sanctuary of the Muses and the so-called Exedra, gym. Since Plato, his own house and garden Athenians also become accustomed to call the Academy, as well as the whole area, where there was a school of thought. Along with teachers taught their assistants - have experienced students who complete the course here were engaged not only in philosophy, mathematics and astronomy, but also literature, studied the legislation of different countries, natural sciences, such as botany. Some of the students especially fond of the study of nature and its laws, was among them Aristotle, who spent twenty years in Plato's Academy and only forty years old, mature scientist, after the death of Plato, gets the opportunity to open his own school - Lyceum.

Favorite pupil of Plato was Philip Opuntsky who rewrote his own great works of Plato "Laws", the teacher left before his death in draft form on wax tablets. He also attributed the ancient "Poslezakonie" sort of conclusion to the "law." Among the audience were three of Plato's famous ten Attic orators - Hyperides, Lycurgus and Demosthenes. They differ not only excellent knowledge of philosophy, but as a famous orator and statesman.

As time went on, Plato was already sixty, and Dion, the once enthusiastic boy turned into wise politician, when in Sicily in 367 BC. Oe. an important event. Died tyrant Dionysius, and power passed to Dionysius the Younger Dion and his friends convinced Plato that Dionysius Jr. sincerely committed to the philosophy and education. Philosopher, nobly decided to enlighten the tyrant, accepted the offer of Dion. In Syracuse Plato met with respect and friendliness. Dionysius sent him a luxurious royal chariot himself and sacrificed to the gods, thanking them for the great good fortune that fell to the state.

Plato's efforts have borne fruit. On one of the oldest festivals Dionysius expressed dissatisfaction with durability and firmness tyranny, considering it a curse. Dion enemies were shocked by the fact that in the short term as Plato made a dramatic success. Not without malice said that in olden days the Syracusans defeated the powerful Athenian fleet, and now one Athenian philosopher crushes all the tyranny of Dionysius. It was rumored that Dionysius, enthusiastic ideas of enlightened government, Plato persuaded to part with personal guard, which was nearly ten thousand. Young ruler, passed with indignation, ready to war four triremes and ten thousand cavalry, having exchanged their quest for supreme happiness in the Academy and the study of geometry. Dion suspected of treason, Dionysius sent him to Italy.

Dion moved from Italy to Greece, settled in Athens, surprising people by his wealth and luxury.

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