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E.) In his commentary on the "Physics" of Aristotle. Almost all of these fragments belong to the first book, Aristotle was interested in the most.

The popularity of the works of Anaxagoras in Athens at the end of V century BC. Oe. Plato suggests, refers to this work in the "Apology of Socrates", "Phaedo" and "Cratylus", and the words of Socrates' Apology "that ignorance of this work was considered at the time a sign of ignorance. It is curious that there is space there, considered by many researchers as an indication of the price paid then in Athens for a copy (or rather, one roll) works Anaxagoras. Well remembered the Athenians and most of Anaxagoras, which went many stories, subsequently formed a stable, has passed through many centuries of legend. From this legend - with all the unreliability of its component parts - emerges whole and, apparently, historically true image of the philosopher.

First and foremost is the legend of Anaxagoras as a man to devote himself to science, that is, as a scientist-professional. In Greece, the middle of V century BC. Oe. it was a new type of person. All predecessors, Anaxagoras, the life of which we have any information - Thales, Pythagoras, Xenophanes, Heraclitus, Parmenides - were statesmen, poets, religious leaders, professional scientists but was not among them. Very unusual in terms of the Greeks at the time, had no Anaxagoras narrow patriotism, commitment to the native policy.

Leaving Clazomenae - the city where he was born and raised and where he still had relatives, Anaxagoras, as we know, never wanted to go back there. According to Diogenes Laertius, the question: "Do you not at the birthplace of interest?" - Anaxagoras said, pointing to the sky: "God have mercy! Homeland even very interested in me. " And according to another story, when Anaxagoras died at Lampsacus and friends asked him if he wanted to be transported to his home in Clazomenae, he said: "Just because it does not need the path to the underworld everywhere the same length."

The second feature of Anaxagoras as a person - indifference to material goods. Opt out of receiving them by inheritance of property, Anaxagoras believed that by doing so he has found inner freedom so necessary for a philosopher who devoted himself to the search for truth. According to Aristotle, Anaxagoras believed not happy neither wealthy nor ruler, saying that he would not be surprised if a truly happy person crowd seemed foolish. We have no information about the private life of Anaxagoras, but you can with reason to believe that his life known for his modesty and simplicity. In this regard, Anaxagoras fully consistent Aristotelian ideal of the philosopher, a leading moderate, "contemplative" life. In addition, he was always serious (according to one source, he was never seen or laughing or smiling) and, apparently, not extremely sociable - a property that explains why, living in the same city with Socrates, he never conversed with him.

Another feature of Anaxagoras, marks the ancient authors, - fortitude in any, even the most difficult circumstances for him. Many sources report the words of Anaxagoras, allegedly said to them at the news of his son's death. "I knew that begat him mortal." Some authors speak of the death of the two sons once a philosopher and that he had buried them. Another story, describing the same line of Anaxagoras, is associated with the prosecution which he was subjected in Athens. After learning about his death sentence, as if Anaxagoras said quietly: "Nature has long awarded [to death] and me and them [the judges]." How did it happen that such a decent and honorable man was convicted in Athens - a city that had already become a recognized center of Greek culture? The accusation was that Anaxagoras that looks really sharp variance with the prevailing while religious beliefs. Approval of Anaxagoras, that the stars - it's hot stones torn from the Earth Space gyre force that the Sun - a huge lump ignite, and the moon - the body, much like the Earth and perhaps habitable, could not cause outrage among adherents old traditions and customs. Belief in the divine nature of the heavenly bodies was one of the essential features of the Greek, and indeed any polytheistic religion.

Anaxagoras not publicly renounced his views and was forced to flee from Athens.


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