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Psycology » Persons » Thinkers » Confucius (551 (552) -479 BC BC)

As a sign of gratitude for the honor of the ruler of a happy father giving a newborn the name Lee, which means "carp" and later added the nickname Bo Yu (yu - fish, bo - the eldest of the brothers). However, the last few hurried Confucius as sons he was no more. It should be noted that family life sage - like Socrates - was not happy. There is evidence that he divorced. Confucius general attitude towards women amply illustrated and practically exhausted in the following maxim: "The most difficult thing to deal with women and Xiao-zhen bring them - become obstinate, alienate - murmur."

And not all of his later tales prikrashennaya life as it appears on the pages of the treatise "Lun-yu", was the life of a lonely and spoiled successes teachers, surrounded only loyal to him the disciples. At first, Confucius, burdened family held minor public office - was the keeper of barns, fields and farms in charge. Having a place overseer food supplies, Confucius enthusiastically set to work, for he saw in it something sacred. He was careful to ensure that goods were benign, delved into all the details, asked people who know a lot about the economy, talk with the peasants, was interested in ways to improve the crop. Working in warehouses, Confucius was personally convinced that the rumors of abuse, arbitrariness and extravagance in the principality is not an exaggeration.

Gradually it became clear that his homeland is suffering serious illness. Confucius in his heart has always been servitor, his honest officer is constantly concerned irregularities in the country. Influenced by what he saw in the service, and the fact that he found in the old books, he had the belief that people have long lost his way, and that only a return to the ancient way of life that can save him. In 528 BC. Oe. Confucius' mother died. According to custom, he had a sign of mourning leave the service for three years. And although many at the time did not pay attention to this rule, he decided to strictly comply with it.

All his spare time, Confucius devoted in-depth study of Chinese history. In folk tales and odes to him revived ideal realm in which the ruler was a wise and just, army faithfully and courageously honest and hardworking peasants, women are faithful and gentle, fertile land and plentiful Confucius was of the opinion that the cause of suffering lies in the chaos that prevails in the country. In order to get rid of it, you should go back to the ancient customs and usages. But it must be done consciously everyone should be demanding of myself, to comply with established rules and canons only if all of society be healed from his illness Confucius studied historical documents, ceremonial rites, ancient songs, music, legends, and having succeeded in this, was considered an expert on traditions .

In 28 years, Confucius first time participating in a solemn sacrifice in the main temple of the kingdom of Lu. Here there was a significant episode of Confucius, had already pass for a very educated man, and he did just that asked about the meaning of each procedure, which caused a puzzling question, "Who said that this man of Zou versed in rituals? He asks just about every detail. " Confucius replied calmly, "In such a place to ask about every detail and have a ritual!". Questioning about the essence of each act or sayings has become one of the methods of teacher training Kuhn their students. "If you know, then tell me what you know, and if you do not know what you say, you do not know." There is evidence that in 518 BC. E., When Confucius was already over thirty, one of the dignitaries of death Luske recommended his sons to learn from Confucius rules Lee - Ancient acquis and ritual ceremonies. This is meant recognition.

Started gathering around him young men, who saw in him a mentor. He read with them codices, interpreted texts explaining ceremonies. He shared with them his thoughts about the golden age which, although long gone in the past, but can be resurrected. Confucius with his listeners took a modest fee, and later went to live at the expense of a few wealthy students, giving him space to "school".

When Confucius was called a preacher of some new doctrine, he objected. "I interpret and explain ancient books, and not making new ones. I believe the old and I love them. " Its primary purpose he saw in "appeasing the people," just for the sake of knowledge necessary covenants holy men.

In 522 BC. Oe. fulfilled an old dream of Confucius He visited with his disciples the old capital of Zhou. Ancient temples brought him in admiration. He felt at the source of wisdom, carefully considered murals, enthusiastically read half obliterated inscriptions, meticulously questioned about everything concerning antiquities. Confucius quiet upset that the cult in the capital was explicitly neglected. Soon, the city began to spread rumors about a young scientist. The number of his disciples increased with each passing day, all struck his erudition and deep knowledge of ancient literature. While he was engaged in editing the book "Shi Jing" ("Book of Songs"), a monument to Chinese literature XI-VI centuries BC. Oe. He left in the book the best poems and songs, and many of them knew by heart and loved until the end of days to repeat them. Confucius attached great importance to music. He saw it as the completion of the social system. Music was, he intends to serve the spiritual food to the people, to educate and elevate morals. Zhou visit coincided with the first attempts to find a Confucian ruler who would follow his advice and brought the country to prosperity. According to legend, it was then met with Confucius, Lao Tzu. Old philosopher condemned his conceit and empty dreams, but Confucius was not discouraged. Not troubled him and ridicule other ascetically minded preachers. When they rebuked it in idle talk, he replied that the easiest way to wash your hands and pull away from the cases.

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