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Everyone, absolutely everyone there psychological defense mechanisms. In adults, unlike children methods of psychological defense to perfect. There are several kinds of psychological defenses and each of them is described below. I want to note that all mechanisms crazy. differ in the degree of protection "perfection."

Types of psychological protection of the individual

Types of psychological protection of the individual

While coming from outside information supports the already established in human understanding of the world and himself, he lives in harmony with himself. Coincidence ideal self-image determines the real welfare of the human soul. But here there has been a discrepancy arises internal stress, motivating change or ideal or real representation, or not to receive the information that leads to an imbalance of views. In the process invades censored instance, the ability to create protective mechanisms. Emerging acts as protection fencing of consciousness from information that can destroy purposeful thinking, constructed in accordance with the model of the world cash.

Denial as a way of psychological defense

Denial as a way of psychological defense

Denial-avoidance of new information that is incompatible with traditional notions about yourself. Protection appears to ignore the potentially disturbing information, evading her. It's like a barrier, located right at the entrance of the receiving system does not allow unwanted information there that irretrievably lost to humans and can not be restored later. By denying attention is reoriented so that the person becomes particularly inattentive to those areas of life and the faces of the events that lead to his troubles, it can hurt, he thereby dissociate himself from them. Avoid themes, situations, books, movies, suspected of provoking at unwanted emotions. Denial as to eliminate the possibility of unpleasant experiences. Man or fenced off from new information ("there, but not for me"), or does not notice them, believing that they are not.

Suppression - a strategy of psychological defense

Suppression - a strategy of psychological defense

The suppression protection manifested in blocking unpleasant or unwanted information in its translation of the receiving system in the memory or in the derivation of the memory consciousness. Relevant information is provided as to special labels, making it difficult to follow any of its recollection - blocks it - although the information marked thus stored in memory.

Rationalization

Rationalization

Rationalization - psychological defense-related knowledge and use in thinking only of that part of the perceived information, through which their own behavior looks like, well controlled and does not contradict the objective circumstances. In this traumatic situation unacceptable part is removed from consciousness, specially converted and then realized in a modified form. Protection is provided by constructing convincing arguments to justify their socially unacceptable desires and actions. Streamlining is the main feature in an attempt to create harmony between the desired and the actual situation after the fact, and thus prevent the loss of self-esteem.

Displacement - a form of psychological defense

Displacement - a form of psychological defense

displacement due to the avoidance of internal conflict through active off from consciousness - forgetting - the true motive unacceptable. Displacement provided by the operation of censorship, rejecting any generally objectionable material lodged in the consciousness, while a feeling of forgetting her. As the principle of conservation of missing experiences ousting first described by Freud. Among the causes of this phenomenon, he pointed intention to avoid displeasure, which is caused by the data memory. Displacing traumatic motive appeals to the wrong people, hiding the true state not only from others but from themselves. Thanks to displace some desire can not be satisfied, and there is a conflict. He provokes increasing overall emotionality, which in turn encourages the use of affective logic associated with the choice of extreme variants in assessing the validity.

Projection - the type of psychological defense

Projection - the type of psychological defense

Projection - Fork psychological protection associated with the unconscious transference unacceptable own feelings, expectations and aspirations to another person. Projection occurs when confronted with their own indiscretions, undesirable quality, people partially trims about this, preventing awareness that it is his own act or quality. Assuming consciousness about the existence of adverse facts as such, a man carries it not to himself, but to another person or object, thereby complementing the extruded piece of information.

Psychological defenses: identification

Psychological defenses: identification

Identification

-kind projection associated with the unconscious identification with another person, transfer to the feelings and qualities desired but inaccessible. Such a reverse projection in childhood helps to shape the values ​​and life to overcome feelings of worthlessness, defects of character, developing at the desired properties and quality. Thus, the identification - a process in which a person borrows thoughts, feelings or actions of another person acting as a model. Imagine yourself on the spot model, it can test the state of empathy, complicity, empathy, ie to understand, to feel myself through another.

Alienation as a psychological defense

Alienation as a psychological defense

Alienation - psychological defense associated with isolation, isolation within human consciousness traumatic factors. When scrap unacceptable information as it is encapsulated, thereby blocked from access to other areas of consciousness: Two-pronged arises. As a result, the connection between the traumatic event and its emotional evaluation violated. Loss for the alienation characteristic feelings of emotional connection between the unacceptable events and their own experiences about them, although the reality of these events recognized. Occurrence of alienation as the ability to go beyond I own due to the change in position of the joint venture. Limited exclusion has a positive meaning, new insight in its contradictions. Human freedom also implies the ability to self-removal. If a person can not tolerate all the time himself, he can dissociate himself from something in itself. Then there is the need for internal distance between acceptable and unacceptable parts I allow myself to take in respect of some or their condition or quality of the new position.

Substitution - the type of psychological defense

Substitution - the type of psychological defense

Replacement - psychological defense undertaking transfer action aimed at inaccessible object , the object is available, thereby discharging stress created unmet need. substitution mechanism organizes a relationship between two activities. when implemented, at least partially, solve problems unattainable. Creature substitution associated with the reorientation reaction. When one path is closed, it is something that oppose our will is yourself another way. However, the ability of man to refocus their actions personally unacceptable to acceptable or socially disapproved on disapproved limited. Limitation determined that the greatest satisfaction from the action desired replacement, occurs in humans when the motives of both actions are placed on adjacent or nearby levels of hierarchically organized system of motives.

Dreaming - a form of psychological defense

Dreaming - a form of psychological defense

Masking in dreams associated with the use of special characters. Fromm distinguishes three types of characters: conventional, casual and versatile. Conditional mediated socially. They have emerged as a result of an agreement, and they are characterized by the absence of deep connection between itself and the symbol that he represents. Random characters subjectively associated with any situation if only part of the sample. Universal - characterized by deep objective proximity symbol with objects and phenomena, which he designates, and in this sense they are common to all people.

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