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Submission - images of objects and events that occur on the basis of their recall or productive imagination.


Imagination - a mental process that allows us to construct an image of an object or situation that we never took.


Perception - creating a complete image of the object on the basis of sensory data and past experience of the subject. The process of perception is inextricably linked with feelings and based on them. Sensations combine to provide a perception, ie process of direct perception of objects. But apart from the information delivered by the senses, perception and apperception present - perceived dependence on past experience and the contents of the unconscious.


Sensation - one of the most simple mental processes, which is a response to the individual properties of the object, by which we can appreciate the many-shaped characteristics of the stimulus acting on us, but we can not say what kind of stimulus. Sensation occurs due to the special mechanism called the analyzer.

The structure of the human nervous system

In order to proceed to the study of mental processes, we need to first get acquainted with the biological bases of mental, ie the structure and cellular mechanisms of the nervous system. The human nervous system is divided into two large sections - the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). By CNS include spinal cord and brain. PNS also often divided into two sub-division - NA somatic and vegetative (autonomic) NA. In the vegetative NA in turn emit sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions.

Human consciousness

Human consciousness is a higher stage of development of the mind. It is primarily characterized by the ability to self-reflection (awareness of the fact of his own existence, self-awareness and self-knowledge), introspection, intentionality (oriented to an object), an activity of varying degrees of clarity.

Idea of ​​the psyche. mental development in the evolution of the animal world

human psyche is the result of evolutionary development. In general terms, the psyche - function specially organized matter, nerve tissue. As the complexity of the nervous system and its function is complicated - there is a gradual complication of animal interaction with the environment. Isolated in the development of the psyche 4 stages.

Methods of psychological research

Psychology, like other sciences, is used to collect scientific information different methods. But the specifics of the research object - the human psyche - leaves its imprint on the possibility of using a particular method, and its effectiveness. Psychological research methods: observation, experiment, questionnaires, tests, projective techniques.

Branches of psychology

Modern psychology is an extensive system of relatively independent scientific disciplines related to various human activities. These disciplines are called branches of psychology. Emergence of many industries due to the accumulation of a huge amount of scientific evidence and the need for their more rigorous systematization, as well as features of mental functioning while performing different activities. Many of the branches are in turn subdivided into a number of specialized disciplines with a narrower subject of study. For example, medical psychology, which studies the psychological aspects of physician and patient behavior, divided within itself on neuropsychology, which studies the relation of mental phenomena with the physiology of the brain, psychopharmacology, studying the effects of drugs on human mental activity; psychotherapy, studied and used means of psychological pressure on patient; Psychoprophylaxis and Mental Health, developing a system of preventive measures against the development of psychopathology.

The emergence and development of psychology

psychology - the science of the laws of development and functioning of the psyche. The interaction of all living beings with the outside world is carried out by a special kind of mental processes and states. These special processes are inseparable from physiological processes, but not confined to them. For centuries, these amazing and mysterious phenomena collectively called the "soul" and were considered a product of higher being - God. In the views of the ancient soul interpreted animalistic, ie as a special ethereal essence infused into the human body. But Aristotle suggested interpretation of the soul as a way to organize the living body and its behavior, which served as a powerful stimulus to the development of scientific views on mental in the West.

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