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Individual human characteristics: ability, talent, genius

Abilities - individual psychological characteristics of personality, which are prerequisite for successful implementation of an activity. Ability observed in the process of mastering the activities, how the individual ceteris paribus easily, quickly and at the same time thoroughly learns the ways of the organization and implementation.

Individual human characteristics: character

Character - a set of stable individual personality traits, down in the process of growing and warrant the typical individual behaviors. Character represents the unity of biological and social, ie innate characteristics and the experience gained in the process of growing up. The birth is particularly true temperament, inclinations, the functional state of the organism, acquired influence on the conditions of education, environment, worldviews, successful socialization.

Individual human characteristics: temperament

Temperament - due to natural aggregate dynamic features of the psyche. The first ideas about temperament appeared in ancient Greece. In the 5th century BC Hippocrat all people divided into four types depending on whether fluid prevails in their body.

The concept of personality in psychology

Personality - system quality, characterized by a set of stable characteristics (temperament, character, abilities, attitudes) defining characteristic of the human way of relationships with the world and other people. Features that characterize the personality, partly due to genetic, ie innate, partly dependent on the influence of the environment, are formed in the process of communication. But despite the inherent nature of some components, the very system quality can occur only under the condition of public education.

Volitional processes

Will - a person's ability to regulate its activity, subordinating it to conscious decisions. Willpower is not only conscious motivation activity, but also the ability to inhibit the activity, to give up something.


Emotions - is biased directly experience the sense of life events and situations. Emotions arose in phylogeny as a signal of the biological condition of the body after various influences on it, and are now the form of specific experience that enables individuals to make individual, focusing on them, the necessary steps, the appropriateness of which for him is unclear. But these actions provide vital requirements. Thus, the negative emotions that accompany hunger, make us look for ways to meet this demand, which in turn is aimed at preserving the normal functioning of the body.


Speech - specifically human way of exchanging information provided by the progress of human civilization due to the accumulation of collective experience. Speech - one of the essential factors that distinguish the human psyche from the psyche of animals.


Thinking - the processing of information in the search for a solution to a problem.


Attention - focus on human mental activity an object. Through this process, we clearly realize perceived that, standing out from the crowd, at some time, is at the center of our perception. Another important function of attention is that this process allows us to navigate the environment as well as to respond to significant changes in the body.


Memory - the collective name memorization processes (recording information), storage (archiving), play, recognition and forgetting. In other words, memory - a way of organizing the past experiences of the subject, the underlying capabilities of its further use. Integrity of the human person the opportunity to study, purposeful activity, communication associated with memory.

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